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Women’s Health

Experts Clarify Conflicting Criteria for Diagnosing Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Experts Clarify Conflicting Criteria for Diagnosing Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

The Endocrine Society today issued a Clinical Practice Guideline (CPG) for the diagnosis and treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome, the most common hormone disorder in women of reproductive age and a leading cause of infertility.

The CPG, entitled “Diagnosis and Treatment of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: An Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guideline” will appear in the December 2013 issue of the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism (JCEM), a publication of The Endocrine Society.

Female Genital Mutilation

Female Genital Mutilation

It is estimated that 100 to 140 million women worldwide have undergone female genital mutilation (FGM), and an additional 3 million girls are at risk of FGM every year. FGM refers to a group of practices that the World Health Organization (WHO) has classified into 4 types…

Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia

CAH: Making Better Wives and Mothers Through Pharmaceuticals

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is a group of rare autosomal recessive disorders affecting the endocrine system. The disease affects production pathways for glucocorticoids (GCs) and mineralocorticoids (MCs) such as cortisol and aldosterone. In affected individuals, cortisol levels do not normalize, resulting in a runaway steroidogenesis process and an overabundance of androgens (male sex hormones). Individuals with CAH develop adrenal hyperactivity and abnormally large adrenal glands (hyperplasia). Symptoms may be mild or severe and presentations may vary from ambiguous female genitalia, underdeveloped male genitalia, precocious pseudopuberty, skeletal malformations, to a very serious salt-wasting crisis. Some females may present with symptoms that resemble polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), displaying unusual excessive hair growth, irregular or absent menstrual cycles, and anovulation (lack of an ovum release during menstruation).

Study Finds Up to Half of Gestational Diabetes Patients Will Develop Type 2 Diabetes

Study Finds Up to Half of Gestational Diabetes Patients Will Develop Type 2 Diabetes

The prospective cohort study tracked 843 women who were diagnosed with gestational diabetes between 1996 and 2003 at Cheil General Hospital in Seoul, South Korea. About 12.5 percent of the women developed Type 2 diabetes within two months of delivering their babies. During the next decade, the number of women diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes continued to grow at a rate of 6.8 percent a year.

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