Obesity

Childhood Abuse May Impair Weight-Regulating Hormones

Childhood Abuse May Impair Weight-Regulating Hormones

Early stress on endocrine system raises risk of excess belly fat later in life

Childhood abuse or neglect can lead to long-term hormone impairment that raises the risk of developing obesity, diabetes or other metabolic disorders in adulthood, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society’s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology Metabolism (JCEM).

Study Highlights Long-Term Effects of Childhood Obesity on Late-Life Health

Study Highlights Long-Term Effects of Childhood Obesity on Late-Life Health

Childhood obesity rates have nearly tripled in the previous 30 years and researchers are asking the important question of how this epidemic will impact the future health of these obese children and public health in general. A University of Colorado Cancer Center article recently published in the journal Gerontology shows that even in cases in which obese children later lose weight, the health effects of childhood obesity may be long-lasting and profound.

A Little Exercise Goes a Long Way to Prevent Disease in Children

A Little Exercise Goes a Long Way to Prevent Disease in Children

Studies by the Appalachian State University Human Performance Laboratory at the NC Research Campus in Kannapolis prove that when kids increase their level of physical activity, they experience positive health benefits quickly. Benefits include less body fat, increased muscular strength and reduced risk factors for major diseases like diabetes, cardiovascular disease and other metabolic and lifestyle-related disorders.

Experts Say Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals Pose Global Health Threat

Experts Say Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals Pose Global Health Threat

In an editorial published in Endocrinology, a journal of The Endocrine Society, endocrine experts agreed that endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) pose a threat to human health and to the ecosystems of the earth. The editorial comes in response to a commentary (Dietrich et al. Chem Biol Interact) signed by a number of editors of toxicology journals that dismisses the state-of-the-science on EDCs and argues for the status quo in the regulation of these hazardous substances.

A Brain Reward Gene Influences Food Choices

A Brain Reward Gene Influences Food Choices in the First Years of Life

Research has suggested that a particular gene in the brain’s reward system contributes to overeating and obesity in adults. This same variant has now been linked to childhood obesity and tasty food choices, particularly for girls, according to a new study by Dr. Patricia Silveira and Prof. Michael Meaney of McGill University and Dr. Robert Levitan of the University of Toronto.

Largest Safety Study on Teen Weight Loss Surgery

Largest Safety Study on Teen Weight Loss Surgery Finds Few Short-Term Complications

In the largest in-depth scientific study of its kind on the safety of teen weight-loss surgery, researchers report few short-term complications for adolescents with severe obesity undergoing bariatric surgery.

The study, published online today in JAMA Pediatrics, is the first to provide much-needed safety data on bariatric surgery for adolescents with severe obesity, a growing health problem in the U.S. and abroad. The findings represent the largest-ever multicenter, prospective study on the safety of weight loss surgery among adolescents. Led by investigators at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center and funded by the National Institutes of Health, research was conducted at five sites around the country.

Sugar Toxic to Mice in 'Safe' Doses

Sugar Toxic to Mice in ‘Safe’ Doses

When mice ate a diet of 25 percent extra sugar – the mouse equivalent of a healthy human diet plus three cans of soda daily – females died at twice the normal rate and males were a quarter less likely to hold territory and reproduce, according to a toxicity test developed at the University of Utah.

Dietary Fructose Causes Liver Damage in Animal Model

Dietary Fructose Causes Liver Damage in Animal Model

The role of dietary fructose in the development of obesity and fatty liver diseases remains controversial, with previous studies indicating that the problems resulted from fructose and a diet too high in calories.

However, a new study conducted in an animal model at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center showed that fructose rapidly caused liver damage even without weight gain. The researchers found that over the six-week study period liver damage more than doubled in the animals fed a high-fructose diet as compared to those in the control group.

Snoring May Be Early Sign of Future Health Risks

Snoring May Be Early Sign of Future Health Risks

Here’s a wake-up call for snorers: Snoring may put you at a greater risk than those who are overweight, smoke or have high cholesterol to have thickening or abnormalities in the carotid artery, according to researchers at Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit.

The increased thickening in the lining of the two large blood vessels that supply the brain with oxygenated blood is a precursor to atherosclerosis, a hardening of the arteries responsible for many vascular diseases.

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