Heart Disease

3D Printed Device Saves Baby's Life

Baby’s Life Saved with Groundbreaking 3D Printed Device That Restored His Breathing

Every day, their baby stopped breathing, his collapsed bronchus blocking the crucial flow of air to his lungs. April and Bryan Gionfriddo watched helplessly, just praying that somehow the dire predictions weren’t true.

“Quite a few doctors said he had a good chance of not leaving the hospital alive,” says April Gionfriddo, about her now 20-month-old son, Kaiba. “At that point, we were desperate. Anything that would work, we would take it and run with it.”

Antidepressant Reduces Stress-Induced Heart Condition

Antidepressant Reduces Stress-Induced Heart Condition

A drug commonly used to treat depression and anxiety may improve a stress-related heart condition in people with stable coronary heart disease, according to researchers at Duke Medicine.

Compared with those receiving placebo, people who took the antidepressant escitalopram (sold as Lexapro) were more than two-and-a-half times less likely to have mental stress-induced myocardial ischemia (MSIMI), a heart condition brought on by mental stress. The findings, published in the May 22/29, 2013 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, add to the current understanding of how negative emotions affect cardiovascular health.

Researchers Pinpoint Upper Safe Limit of Vitamin D Blood Levels

Researchers Pinpoint Upper Safe Limit of Vitamin D Blood Levels

Researchers claim to have calculated for the first time, the upper safe limit of vitamin D levels, above which the associated risk for cardiovascular events or death raises significantly, according to a recent study accepted for publication in The Endocrine Society’s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology  Metabolism (JCEM).

Thoracic Endografts Used Successfully to Remove Tumors Invading the Aorta

Thoracic Endografts Used Successfully to Remove Tumors Invading the Aorta

Tumors have the potential to grow locally and invade neighboring organs. Some chest tumors may invade one of the great vessels of the body, the aorta. Surgical removal of these tumors is very challenging and necessitates the support of a heart-lung machine. Therefore there is an increased risk of complication and death. In a small series of patients, placing a stent within the aorta facilitated the subsequent removal of tumor and eliminated the need for heart-lung bypass. A report of these results is presented by Stéphane Collaud, MD, MSc, at the Emerging Technology and Techniques Forum of the 93rd AATS Annual Meeting in Minneapolis on May 8, 2013.

Subway Not Much Healthier Than McDonald's

For Teens, Subway Not Much Healthier Than McDonald’s

In a study published May 6 in the Journal of Adolescent Health, the researchers found that adolescents who purchased Subway meals consumed nearly as many calories as they did at McDonald’s. Meals from both restaurants are likely to contribute toward overeating and obesity, according to the researchers.

Mediterranean Diet

Mediterranean Diet

May is international Mediterranean diet month. And it’s worth reexamining this regimen in light of a paper recently published in JAMA. Through observational cohort studies and a secondary prevention trial, an inverse association was noted between adherence to the Mediterranean diet and cardiovascular risk. Among persons at high cardiovascular risk, a Mediterranean diet supplemented with extra-virgin olive oil or nuts was found to reduce the incidence of major cardiovascular events.

Hair Analysis Reveals Elevated Stress Hormone Levels Raise Cardiovascular Risk

Hair Analysis Reveals Elevated Stress Hormone Levels Raise Cardiovascular Risk

Unlike a blood test that captures a snapshot of stress hormone levels at a single point in time, a scalp hair analysis can be used to view trends in levels of the stress hormone cortisol over the course of several months. This approach allows researchers to have a better sense of the variability in cortisol levels. The study found seniors who had higher long-term levels of the stress hormone cortisol were more likely to have cardiovascular disease.

Cardiovascular Risk May Remain for Treated Cushing’s Disease Patients

Cardiovascular Risk May Remain for Treated Cushing’s Disease Patients

Cushing’s disease is a rare condition where the body is exposed to excess cortisol – a stress hormone produced in the adrenal gland – for long periods of time.

Researchers have long known that patients who have Cushing’s disease are at greater risk of developing and dying from cardiovascular disease than the average person. This study examined whether the risk could be eliminated or reduced when the disease is controlled. Researchers found that these risk factors remained long after patients were exposed to excess cortisol.

Snoring May Be Early Sign of Future Health Risks

Snoring May Be Early Sign of Future Health Risks

Here’s a wake-up call for snorers: Snoring may put you at a greater risk than those who are overweight, smoke or have high cholesterol to have thickening or abnormalities in the carotid artery, according to researchers at Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit.

The increased thickening in the lining of the two large blood vessels that supply the brain with oxygenated blood is a precursor to atherosclerosis, a hardening of the arteries responsible for many vascular diseases.

Genes provide clues to gender disparity in human hearts

Genes Provide Clues to Gender Disparity in Human Hearts

Healthy men and women show little difference in their hearts, except for small electrocardiographic disparities. But new genetic differences found by Washington University in St. Louis researchers in hearts with disease could ultimately lead to personalized treatment of various heart ailments.

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