USPSTF Finds Insufficient Evidence for Nontraditional Factors in Assessing CVD Risk

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The USPSTF has released a draft recommendation statement regarding the use of nontraditional risk factors for CVD risk assessment.
The USPSTF has released a draft recommendation statement regarding the use of nontraditional risk factors for CVD risk assessment.

HealthDay News — The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) has concluded that current evidence is insufficient to assess the use of nontraditional risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk assessment. They also conclude that evidence is lacking for the use of the ankle-brachial index (ABI) to screen for peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in asymptomatic individuals. These findings form the basis of 2 draft recommendation statements published online by the USPSTF.

Jennifer S. Lin, MD, from the Kaiser Permanente Center for Health Research in Portland, Oregon, and colleagues reviewed use of ABI, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, and coronary artery calcium score in asymptomatic adults. The authors found that there was adequate evidence for the benefit of adding these factors to existing CVD risk assessment models; however, the evidence was inadequate for assessing treatment decision-making guided by these scores. Based on these findings, the USPSTF concluded that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of harms and benefits of adding these scores to traditional risk assessment.

Janelle M. Guirguis-Blake, MD, also from the Kaiser Permanente Center for Health Research, and colleagues conducted a systematic review relating to ABI screening for PAD and CVD. The researchers found that ABI is an accurate test for detecting PAD in symptomatic patients, but few data were available on the accuracy of ABI for identifying asymptomatic individuals who could benefit from treatment. Based on these findings, the USPSTF concluded that the current evidence is insufficient for assessing the balance of benefits and harms associated with PAD and CVD risk screening with ABI.

These findings form the basis of 2 draft recommendation statements, which are available for public comment from January 16 through February 12, 2018.

References

  1. Draft Recommendation Statement: Cardiovascular Disease: Risk Assessment With Nontraditional Risk Factors. US Preventive Services Task Force. https://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/Page/Document/draft-recommendation-statement/coronary-heart-disease-screening-using-non-traditional-risk-assessment. Accessed January 17, 2018.
  2. Draft Recommendation Statement: Peripheral Artery Disease and Cardiovascular Disease: Screening and Risk Assessment With the Ankle-Brachial Index. US Preventive Services Task Force. https://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/Page/Document/draft-recommendation-statement/peripheral-artery-disease-in-adults-screening-with-the-ankle-brachial-index. Accessed January 17, 2018.

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