Oncology

A Trained Dog Smells Early-Stage Lung Cancer With a High Degree of Accuracy

A Trained Dog Smells Early-Stage Lung Cancer With a High Degree of Accuracy

Humans are used to seeing canines used as tools in forensics — their skills are often harnessed to smell out drugs or trail a criminal. Some dogs are even used to locate household pests. The use of canines to detect lung cancer from smell alone, however, is a new prospect for oncologists and their patients.

Preventative Medications Unnecessarily Prescribed to EOL Patients With Lung Cancer

Preventative Medications Unnecessarily Prescribed to EOL Patients With Lung Cancer

In a retrospective study conducted in the United States and the United Kingdom, researchers evaluated the prescribing of preventative medications in patients with lung cancer discharged from hospital at the end of life.

Crowdfunding for Cancer Treatments Could Exploit Vulnerable Patients

Crowdfunding for Cancer Treatments Could Exploit Vulnerable Patients

There are fears that huge sums are being raised on crowdfunding sites for alternative cancer treatments that are not backed by evidence.

Fitness Wearables Are Finding a Place in Oncology Care

Fitness Wearables Are Finding a Place in Oncology Care

Wearable activity monitors offer oncology care teams an unbiased glimpse into patients' health behaviors and improved reports on performance status.

USPSTF Updates Recommendations for Cervical Cancer Screening

USPSTF Updates Recommendations for Cervical Cancer Screening

The US Preventive Services Task Force conducted a review of trials and cohort studies to support an update of its cervical cancer screening recommendations for women ages 21 to 65 and older.

Internet Browsing for Cancer Information Emphasizes Visual Appeal Over Accuracy

Internet Browsing for Cancer Information Emphasizes Visual Appeal Over Accuracy

Information patients find online can be a great concern for oncology nurses, especially when a diagnosis has an uncertain prognosis. In this follow-up study, researchers in Boston sought to determine the quality of the online resources patients with cancer, particularly pancreas, are finding.

FDA: Cancer Treatment 'Alternative' May Cause Serious Heart Problems, Death

FDA: Cancer Treatment 'Alternative' May Cause Serious Heart Problems, Death

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Cesium chloride is not approved by the FDA to treat cancer or any other disease.

Attending Surgeon Influences Genetic Testing in Breast Cancer

Attending Surgeon Influences Genetic Testing in Breast Cancer

The attending surgeon is associated with variation in the receipt of genetic testing after breast cancer diagnosis.

Disparities in Breast Reconstruction Access Persist Despite Advocacy Efforts

Disparities in Breast Reconstruction Access Persist Despite Advocacy Efforts

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Because most reconstructive surgeons are not trained in communicating complex risk information, some women may choose to have the procedure done without fully understanding the risks.

Chinese Traditional Medicine Showed Effectiveness on Pain, Quality of Life in Advanced Cancer

Chinese Traditional Medicine Showed Effectiveness on Pain, Quality of Life in Advanced Cancer

In a randomized study, researchers sought to determine the effect of IV injections of coix seed oil, a Chinese CAM, on pain and quality of life measures for patients with advanced cancer.

Many Childhood Cancer Survivors Not Concerned About Future Health

Many Childhood Cancer Survivors Not Concerned About Future Health

Researchers found that 31% of survivors were not concerned about their future health and that 40% were not concerned about developing cancer.

ACA Increases Healthcare Access Among Cancer Survivors

ACA Increases Healthcare Access Among Cancer Survivors

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Study results provide important evidence of efficacy associated with the implementation of the Affordable Care Act during this time of debate about healthcare reform.

Art Intervention May Be Beneficial for Patients With Cancer

Art Intervention May Be Beneficial for Patients With Cancer

A bedside visual art intervention may help with cancer patients' pain, anxiety, and mood.

Gender Disparity Observed in Cancer Genetic Testing in the US

Gender Disparity Observed in Cancer Genetic Testing in the US

Despite its widespread use, there are still underrepresented groups in genetic testing for cancer.

Despite Research Gap, Medical Marijuana Use Supported at End of Life in Pediatric Cancer

Despite Research Gap, Medical Marijuana Use Supported at End of Life in Pediatric Cancer

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Since the legalization of medical marijuana, clinicians must come up with appropriate responses to requests for treatment in pediatric end-of-life settings.

ACO Enrollment Ups Appropriateness of Cancer Screening

ACO Enrollment Ups Appropriateness of Cancer Screening

The Medicare Shared Savings Program has been linked to a reduction in breast cancer and an increase in colorectal cancer screenings.

Affordable Care Act Increased Percentage of Insured Patients With Gynecologic Cancers

Affordable Care Act Increased Percentage of Insured Patients With Gynecologic Cancers

The impact of the ACA on health insurance access among women diagnosed with a gynecologic cancer was previously unestablished.

Price Markup Associated With Outpatient Oncology Services Examined

Price Markup Associated With Outpatient Oncology Services Examined

Inflated medical costs may affect patients' treatment decisions as out-of-pocket costs increase.

USPSTF: Updated Ovarian Cancer Screening Recommendations

USPSTF: Updated Ovarian Cancer Screening Recommendations

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Depending on the type of screening test used, the magnitude of harm ranges from moderate to substantial.

Worldwide Increase in 5-Year Cancer Survival Trends

Worldwide Increase in 5-Year Cancer Survival Trends

Survival trends increased up to 5% for cancers of the liver, pancreas, and lung.

Lung Cancer Screening More Effective for Patients With Higher Risk

Lung Cancer Screening More Effective for Patients With Higher Risk

Patients in higher quintiles of lung cancer risk had significantly more diagnoses of lung cancer.

Mammography Screening Rates Increase After Elimination of Cost Sharing

Mammography Screening Rates Increase After Elimination of Cost Sharing

The elimination of cost sharing for screening mammography is associated with increased screening rates.

FDA Approves Lynparza to Treat Breast Cancer Caused by <i>BRCA</i> Mutation

FDA Approves Lynparza to Treat Breast Cancer Caused by BRCA Mutation

The FDA has approved Lynparza to treat metastatic breast cancer caused by a BRCA gene mutation.

Risk-Based vs USPSTF Criteria for Lung Cancer Screening

Risk-Based vs USPSTF Criteria for Lung Cancer Screening

Risk-based criteria would screen high-risk smokers currently ineligible for screening using USPSTF criteria, resulting in more modest decreases in lung cancer screening.

Artificial Intelligence May Help Detect Breast Cancer, Diabetic Retinopathy

Artificial Intelligence May Help Detect Breast Cancer, Diabetic Retinopathy

A deep learning algorithm can detect metastases in sections of lymph nodes, and a deep learning system is effective for identifying diabetic retinopathy.

Multimodal Ovarian Cancer Screening May Be Cost-Effective in the United States

Multimodal Ovarian Cancer Screening May Be Cost-Effective in the United States

Researchers found that multimodal screening is both more expensive and more effective in reducing ovarian cancer mortality over a lifetime.

Physician Personal Experience May Affect Care of Patients With Breast Cancer

Physician Personal Experience May Affect Care of Patients With Breast Cancer

Physicians with social network member with breast cancer poor prognosis more likely to recommend screening.

FDA Approves First Biosimilar to Treat Breast, Stomach Cancers

FDA Approves First Biosimilar to Treat Breast, Stomach Cancers

The FDA has approved Ogivri to treat breast and gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma cancers.

Cancer Survival Improvements Limited to Patients With Medicare, Private Insurance

Cancer Survival Improvements Limited to Patients With Medicare, Private Insurance

Improvements in cancer survival were limited to patients with private or Medicare insurance.

Factors Distinguishing High-Value Oncology Practices Identified

Factors Distinguishing High-Value Oncology Practices Identified

Researchers found that 3 attributes had highest potential for lowering cost without compromising care.

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