Medicine

Psychological Distress Linked to Firearm, Nonfirearm Violent Crime Examined

Psychological Distress Linked to Firearm, Nonfirearm Violent Crime Examined

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Firearm-related victimization was associated with severe distress more often than victimization involving no weapons.

Nutrition Meets Science in Culinary Medicine Curriculum

Nutrition Meets Science in Culinary Medicine Curriculum

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Culinary Medicine is a new, evidence-based medical discipline that blends the art of cooking with the science of medicine.

Many Drugs Made Available Via FDA Expanded Access Programs

Many Drugs Made Available Via FDA Expanded Access Programs

Over the past 2 decades, close to 100 FDA-approved drugs and biologics were made available before FDA approval through expanded access programs.

Should Physicians Treat Family and Friends? Three Experts Weigh In

Should Physicians Treat Family and Friends? Three Experts Weigh In

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Although all of the guidelines acknowledge that there are emergent situations in which providing care for a family member or friend is not only permissible but also essential, other situations are frowned upon.

NIH Initiative Aims to Address Opioid Misuse Over Long Term

NIH Initiative Aims to Address Opioid Misuse Over Long Term

The HEAL initiative is being developed to help end opioid addiction over the long term.

CVS Pharmacy Launches Prescription Delivery Service Nationwide

CVS Pharmacy Launches Prescription Delivery Service Nationwide

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CVS Pharmacy is now offering home delivery nationwide for prescription drugs, for a service charge of $4.99.

#DontFryDay: 12 Million Twitter Impressions Spread Message of Sun Safety

#DontFryDay: 12 Million Twitter Impressions Spread Message of Sun Safety

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Social media is an ideal platform to reach teenagers and young adults to encourage sun safety.

Assessing the Preventability of Early vs Late Hospital Readmissions

Assessing the Preventability of Early vs Late Hospital Readmissions

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Researchers conducted a prospective cohort study to determine whether hospital readmissions were preventable, and if the timing of readmission was influenced by factors within the hospital's direct control.

The Case for Hospital-Based Violence Intervention Programs in Reducing Trauma Recidivism

The Case for Hospital-Based Violence Intervention Programs in Reducing Trauma Recidivism

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As violence escalates in the United States, authors cited the "professional and moral responsibility" of medical systems to reduce trauma recurrence.

Pharmacists Are Well-Placed to Improve Adult Vaccination Rates

Pharmacists Are Well-Placed to Improve Adult Vaccination Rates

Pharmacies can offer greater convenience, including expanded hours of operation, more flexible scheduling, and multiple locations.

FDA to Review Sublingual Tx for Motor Fluctuations in Parkinson's Disease

FDA to Review Sublingual Tx for Motor Fluctuations in Parkinson's Disease

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The film is a new formulation of the dopamine agonist apomorphine, intended for rapid conversion from the OFF to the ON state; it has been studied to treat motor OFF episodes up to 5 times a day.

Intranasal Epinephrine for Anaphylaxis Looks Promising in Early Study

Intranasal Epinephrine for Anaphylaxis Looks Promising in Early Study

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The pharmacokinetics trial, which included 60 participants with seasonal allergies, also demonstrated rapid drug absorption with the intranasal spray.

AMA: Federal Government Must Tackle Rising Insulin Prices

AMA: Federal Government Must Tackle Rising Insulin Prices

The rising cost of insulin is causing big financial problems for patients, Medicare and Medicaid.

First Generic Versions of Suboxone Get FDA Approval for Opioid Dependence

First Generic Versions of Suboxone Get FDA Approval for Opioid Dependence

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The treatment combines buprenorphine, a partial-opioid agonist, with naloxone, an opioid antagonist.

CDC Report: Integrating Tobacco Cessation Interventions in Mental Health, Substance Abuse Treatment Facilities

CDC Report: Integrating Tobacco Cessation Interventions in Mental Health, Substance Abuse Treatment Facilities

Providing barrier-free access to proven cessation treatments is critical to reduce smoking-related disease and death in the United States.

Many AKI Reports in FAERS Linked to Drugs Not Recognized as Nephrotoxic

Many AKI Reports in FAERS Linked to Drugs Not Recognized as Nephrotoxic

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According to the authors, this is the first study to identify medications most commonly reported for a specific adverse reaction using this database.

Clinical Trials in Rheumatology: Assessing Trends of Informed Consent

Clinical Trials in Rheumatology: Assessing Trends of Informed Consent

Investigators evaluated trends in the length and readability of informed consent forms for industry-sponsored clinical trials in rheumatology.

Systematic Cross-Checking May Reduce Medical Errors in Emergency Departments

Systematic Cross-Checking May Reduce Medical Errors in Emergency Departments

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The implementation of systematic cross-checking between emergency physicians was associated with a significant reduction in adverse events, which was primarily the result of a reduction in near misses.

Systematic Review Methods Decrease Newborn Screening for Rare Diseases

Systematic Review Methods Decrease Newborn Screening for Rare Diseases

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Although effective early screening can save lives, unnecessary or ineffective screening can do harm through false positives and the accompanying psychological harm.

Platform Manufacturing May Speed Pandemic Vaccine Development

Platform Manufacturing May Speed Pandemic Vaccine Development

With the advent of platform manufacturing technology, vaccines can be developed quickly to stop the spread of outbreaks.

Honey + Sucralfate May Reduce Injury After Accidental Button Battery Ingestion

Honey + Sucralfate May Reduce Injury After Accidental Button Battery Ingestion

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Noting that infants and children who ingest button batteries can experience esophageal damage leading to significant morbidity and death in as little as 2 hours, researchers from the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and Nationwide Children's Hospital aimed to identify effective options for mitigating these effects by testing common weakly acidic household beverages, viscous liquids, and sucralfate (Carafate).

USPSTF Advises PCPs to Screen Adults for Unhealthy Alcohol Use

USPSTF Advises PCPs to Screen Adults for Unhealthy Alcohol Use

Screening adults for unhealthy alcohol use may reduce consumption.

Active Failures Seen in Proper Use of Personal Protective Equipment

Active Failures Seen in Proper Use of Personal Protective Equipment

Through a directed content analysis, specific occurrences involving potential personnel self-contamination were identified by trained observers.

Surrogate Responsibility for Orphaned Children Examined

Surrogate Responsibility for Orphaned Children Examined

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The moral implications surrounding commercial surrogacy have been extensively discussed in recent decades, particularly with regard to the legal status of motherhood for surrogates and commissioning parents.

Public Support Only Moderate for Opioid Harm Reduction Strategies

Public Support Only Moderate for Opioid Harm Reduction Strategies

High levels of stigmatizing attitudes were reported toward people who use opioids.

Social Deficits May Be Reversible Among Transgender Youth

Social Deficits May Be Reversible Among Transgender Youth

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Recent research following transgender individuals from late childhood into young adulthood shows that gender-affirmative hormonal and surgical care results in normative global functioning.

CDC Issues Updated Advisory Regarding Outbreaks of Hepatitis A

CDC Issues Updated Advisory Regarding Outbreaks of Hepatitis A

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Of the 2500 cases of hepatitis A infection reported between January 2017 and April 2018, 68% were among persons who reported drug use (injection and non-injection), homelessness, or both.

National Academy of Medicine Identifies Key Care Approaches for High-Need Patients

National Academy of Medicine Identifies Key Care Approaches for High-Need Patients

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Approximately 5% of patients in the United States contribute to half of total healthcare spending.

Suicide Rates on the Rise in Nearly Every State, Says New CDC Report

Suicide Rates on the Rise in Nearly Every State, Says New CDC Report

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Using data from the National Vital Statistics System, the CDC researchers examined trends in age-adjusted suicide rates in individuals 10 years of age and older, by state and sex, across 6 consecutive 3-year periods (1999-2016).

Considerations of Firearm Ownership in People With Dementia

Considerations of Firearm Ownership in People With Dementia

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It is estimated that more than 50% of people with dementia live in a household with a firearm, either owned by them or someone they live with.

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