Infectious Disease

FDA: US Government May Intervene to Cut Vaccine Exemptions

FDA: US Government May Intervene to Cut Vaccine Exemptions

The move follows a measles outbreak that has sickened at least 67 people in Washington and 3 neighboring states.

CDC: Severity of Influenza Season Low Through February 2, 2019

CDC: Severity of Influenza Season Low Through February 2, 2019

The 2018 to 2019 influenza season has been low in severity so far, and overall vaccine effectiveness is about 47%.

World Health Organization: Five-Year Plan to Address 10 Biggest Global Health Threats

World Health Organization: Five-Year Plan to Address 10 Biggest Global Health Threats

By

In an effort to effectively address global health concerns, the WHO has announced the 13th General Programme of Work, a 5-year strategic plan spanning from 2019 to 2023.

Educational Intervention Improves HPV Vaccination

Educational Intervention Improves HPV Vaccination

Educational interventions delivered in a clinical setting may improve vaccination behaviors.

Measles Outbreak Triggers Sharp Rise in Demand for Vaccine

Measles Outbreak Triggers Sharp Rise in Demand for Vaccine

Health clinics in Clark County, Washington, are scrambling to meet the sharply increased demand for measles vaccination.

Pathologists Develop Real-Time Report to Track In-Hospital Influenza Cases

Pathologists Develop Real-Time Report to Track In-Hospital Influenza Cases

By

Research pathologists have developed and implemented a real-time Internet report to track influenza cases across hospital settings.

CDC: <i>Salmonella</i> Outbreak Linked to Pet Hedgehogs

CDC: Salmonella Outbreak Linked to Pet Hedgehogs

By

As a common hedgehog supplier has not yet been identified, the CDC is reminding pet owners to take proper precautions when handling these animals.

Infection Control Guidelines in the OR and Anesthesia Work Area

Infection Control Guidelines in the OR and Anesthesia Work Area

By

SHEA guideline reflects the potential for clinically significant cross transmission in the intraoperative environment.

Crisis in Congo: The Search for an Effective Ebola Vaccine

Crisis in Congo: The Search for an Effective Ebola Vaccine

By

Since it was first identified in 1976, Ebola has affected several African countries, most recently the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Public Health Interventions Could Cut Global Burden of Hepatitis C

Public Health Interventions Could Cut Global Burden of Hepatitis C

Public health interventions can go a long way toward meeting World Health Organization hepatitis C virus (HCV) targets.

Bacteria Bystanders Play Important Role in Antibiotic Resistance Development

Bacteria Bystanders Play Important Role in Antibiotic Resistance Development

It is vital to consider the antibiotic exposures of "bystander" pathogens, in addition to the target organism, and consequences on antibiotic resistance.

Washington State Declares Health Emergency as Measles Spreads

Washington State Declares Health Emergency as Measles Spreads

A statewide public health emergency was declared in Washington after a measles outbreak near Portland, Oregon.

Zika Vaccine Cost-Effective for Young Adults and Childbearing-Age Women

Zika Vaccine Cost-Effective for Young Adults and Childbearing-Age Women

By

The most cost-effective means of decreasing transmission of Zika virus is administration of the vaccine to young adults and women of childbearing age.

HIV & Cancer Risk: Expert Interview

HIV & Cancer Risk: Expert Interview

By

Although rates of AIDS-defining malignancies have declined in recent decades, cancer remains a leading cause of mortality in people living with HIV.

Stethoscope Cleaning Standards May Not Eliminate Bacterial Contamination

Stethoscope Cleaning Standards May Not Eliminate Bacterial Contamination

By

In-hospital stethoscope cleaning practices may only be partially effective at eliminating bacterial DNA.

Vaccine Policy in California: Are Vaccine-Hesitant Parents Exploiting Medical Exemptions?

Vaccine Policy in California: Are Vaccine-Hesitant Parents Exploiting Medical Exemptions?

By

Vaccine hesitancy has been linked to an increase in recent outbreaks of measles, pertussis, and other serious illnesses.

Mental Health Problems in Adolescents With HIV: Overview & Expert Interview

Mental Health Problems in Adolescents With HIV: Overview & Expert Interview

By

Adolescents infected with HIV have a greater risk for psychiatric hospitalizations compared with those not infected with HIV.

A Scalable, Integrated Intervention to Engage People Who Inject Drugs in HIV Care

A Scalable, Integrated Intervention to Engage People Who Inject Drugs in HIV Care

By

An integrated intervention for HIV care that combines systems navigation and flexible psychosocial counseling may improve use of ART and medication-assisted treatment.

Large Numbers of Negative Trial Results Impede Progress in Critical Care Medicine

Large Numbers of Negative Trial Results Impede Progress in Critical Care Medicine

By

Excessive numbers of negative clinical trials — many of which may be false-negative trials — are a major impediment to the advancement of critical care medicine.

How Often Should We Test for Hepatitis C in People Who Inject Drugs?

How Often Should We Test for Hepatitis C in People Who Inject Drugs?

A major challenge associated with hepatitis screening is the loss to follow-up that occurs in people who inject drugs.

Hospital Privacy Curtains Become Increasingly Contaminated

Hospital Privacy Curtains Become Increasingly Contaminated

Curtains surrounding patient beds become progressively contaminated with bacteria.

Active Choice Intervention Effective in Increasing Influenza Vaccination Rates at Primary Care Practices

Active Choice Intervention Effective in Increasing Influenza Vaccination Rates at Primary Care Practices

By

Influenza vaccination rates decline as the clinic day progresses.

Variations in Influenza Vaccination Coverage Among Healthcare Employees Reported

Variations in Influenza Vaccination Coverage Among Healthcare Employees Reported

By

Wide variations in influenza vaccine coverage have been noted across healthcare personnel based on occupation and worksite.

2017-2018 Influenza Season Took Deadly Turn

2017-2018 Influenza Season Took Deadly Turn

The 2017 to 2018 flu season was made worse by two factors: strains that hit the very young and elderly especially hard, and a poor match-up between those strains and those in the flu vaccine.

Threat of Zika Virus Still Significant in California

Threat of Zika Virus Still Significant in California

By

Since 2015, California has seen many travel-related Zika virus cases, and as the population of mosquitos that spread the virus continue to expand across the state, there is a significant risk for new Zika cases.

Is Mandatory Genetic Testing for Influenza Infection Variants Ethical?

Is Mandatory Genetic Testing for Influenza Infection Variants Ethical?

By

Mandatory genetic testing may also constitute an undue threat to employee autonomy and privacy.

Toward Integrated Care for Hepatitis C Infection and Addiction

Toward Integrated Care for Hepatitis C Infection and Addiction

By

There is an opportunity to improve HCV treatment rates for people who inject drugs by integrating DAA therapy into current models of community-based addiction.

Providing Vaccine Guidance for Patients Requires Evidence-Based Clinical Decision Making

Providing Vaccine Guidance for Patients Requires Evidence-Based Clinical Decision Making

By

The relatively low rates of MenB immunization may be associated with the challenges in getting adolescents and young adults in for a routine doctor's visit.

AAP Issues Updated Influenza Vaccine Recommendations

AAP Issues Updated Influenza Vaccine Recommendations

By

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the 2017-2018 flu season was one of the most severe — excluding pandemics — on record.

CDC Updates Guidance for Post-Zika Virus Exposure Counseling in Males

CDC Updates Guidance for Post-Zika Virus Exposure Counseling in Males

By

In an updated interim guidance, the CDC now recommends that couples wait at least 3 months before attempting to conceive after possible Zika virus exposure in the male.

Free E-Newsletter