Infectious Disease

Vaccine Policy in California: Are Vaccine-Hesitant Parents Exploiting Medical Exemptions?

Vaccine Policy in California: Are Vaccine-Hesitant Parents Exploiting Medical Exemptions?

By

Vaccine hesitancy has been linked to an increase in recent outbreaks of measles, pertussis, and other serious illnesses.

Mental Health Problems in Adolescents With HIV: Overview & Expert Interview

Mental Health Problems in Adolescents With HIV: Overview & Expert Interview

By

Adolescents infected with HIV have a greater risk for psychiatric hospitalizations compared with those not infected with HIV.

A Scalable, Integrated Intervention to Engage People Who Inject Drugs in HIV Care

A Scalable, Integrated Intervention to Engage People Who Inject Drugs in HIV Care

By

An integrated intervention for HIV care that combines systems navigation and flexible psychosocial counseling may improve use of ART and medication-assisted treatment.

Large Numbers of Negative Trial Results Impede Progress in Critical Care Medicine

Large Numbers of Negative Trial Results Impede Progress in Critical Care Medicine

By

Excessive numbers of negative clinical trials — many of which may be false-negative trials — are a major impediment to the advancement of critical care medicine.

How Often Should We Test for Hepatitis C in People Who Inject Drugs?

How Often Should We Test for Hepatitis C in People Who Inject Drugs?

A major challenge associated with hepatitis screening is the loss to follow-up that occurs in people who inject drugs.

Hospital Privacy Curtains Become Increasingly Contaminated

Hospital Privacy Curtains Become Increasingly Contaminated

Curtains surrounding patient beds become progressively contaminated with bacteria.

Active Choice Intervention Effective in Increasing Influenza Vaccination Rates at Primary Care Practices

Active Choice Intervention Effective in Increasing Influenza Vaccination Rates at Primary Care Practices

By

Influenza vaccination rates decline as the clinic day progresses.

Variations in Influenza Vaccination Coverage Among Healthcare Employees Reported

Variations in Influenza Vaccination Coverage Among Healthcare Employees Reported

By

Wide variations in influenza vaccine coverage have been noted across healthcare personnel based on occupation and worksite.

2017-2018 Influenza Season Took Deadly Turn

2017-2018 Influenza Season Took Deadly Turn

The 2017 to 2018 flu season was made worse by two factors: strains that hit the very young and elderly especially hard, and a poor match-up between those strains and those in the flu vaccine.

Threat of Zika Virus Still Significant in California

Threat of Zika Virus Still Significant in California

By

Since 2015, California has seen many travel-related Zika virus cases, and as the population of mosquitos that spread the virus continue to expand across the state, there is a significant risk for new Zika cases.

Is Mandatory Genetic Testing for Influenza Infection Variants Ethical?

Is Mandatory Genetic Testing for Influenza Infection Variants Ethical?

By

Mandatory genetic testing may also constitute an undue threat to employee autonomy and privacy.

Toward Integrated Care for Hepatitis C Infection and Addiction

Toward Integrated Care for Hepatitis C Infection and Addiction

By

There is an opportunity to improve HCV treatment rates for people who inject drugs by integrating DAA therapy into current models of community-based addiction.

Providing Vaccine Guidance for Patients Requires Evidence-Based Clinical Decision Making

Providing Vaccine Guidance for Patients Requires Evidence-Based Clinical Decision Making

By

The relatively low rates of MenB immunization may be associated with the challenges in getting adolescents and young adults in for a routine doctor's visit.

AAP Issues Updated Influenza Vaccine Recommendations

AAP Issues Updated Influenza Vaccine Recommendations

By

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the 2017-2018 flu season was one of the most severe — excluding pandemics — on record.

CDC Updates Guidance for Post-Zika Virus Exposure Counseling in Males

CDC Updates Guidance for Post-Zika Virus Exposure Counseling in Males

By

In an updated interim guidance, the CDC now recommends that couples wait at least 3 months before attempting to conceive after possible Zika virus exposure in the male.

Integrating Treatments for Opioid Use Disorder and Infectious Diseases

Integrating Treatments for Opioid Use Disorder and Infectious Diseases

All healthcare providers have a role in combating the opioid use disorder epidemic and its infectious disease consequences.

The Halford Case Controversy: Are Institutional Review Board Regulations Too Strict?

The Halford Case Controversy: Are Institutional Review Board Regulations Too Strict?

By

William Halford, PhD, reportedly administered a live attenuated herpes simplex virus vaccine to 17 participants at an off-campus hotel without approval from an institutional review board.

Hep B Core Antibody-Positive Organs May Provide Solutions to the Organ Donor Crisis

Hep B Core Antibody-Positive Organs May Provide Solutions to the Organ Donor Crisis

By

Hepatitis B core Antibody (anti-HB c+) organs may be a safe and ethical transplant option in an era where increased medical knowledge has enabled greater treatment for hepatitis.

Lyme-Bearing Ticks More Widespread in United States Than Previously Thought

Lyme-Bearing Ticks More Widespread in United States Than Previously Thought

Ticks capable of transmitting Lyme disease and other tick-borne illnesses have been identified in dozens of places across the United States.

Point-Counterpoint: Should We Implement Needle Exchange Programs for the Prevention of Hepatitis C Virus?

Point-Counterpoint: Should We Implement Needle Exchange Programs for the Prevention of Hepatitis C Virus?

Of the approximately 12.7 to 16 million people who inject drugs (PWID) worldwide, an estimated 10 million individuals have hepatitis C virus (HCV), making it the most prevalent infectious disease in this population.

Clinicians Warn That Zika Virus May Still Be an Area of Concern for Travelers

Clinicians Warn That Zika Virus May Still Be an Area of Concern for Travelers

Infectious disease experts from Emory University School of Medicine recommend that patients contemplating travel to Zika-affected areas consult with their care providers regarding travel plans and potential Zika virus testing.

Shared Motivations, Concerns Regarding Living Organ Donation in HIV

Shared Motivations, Concerns Regarding Living Organ Donation in HIV

By

Concerns and motivations regarding living donor status in people with HIV should be assessed by physicians and independent living donor advocates.

Can Direct-Acting Antivirals Finally Achieve Hepatitis C Elimination?

Can Direct-Acting Antivirals Finally Achieve Hepatitis C Elimination?

Unrestricted use of DAAs may be an invaluable component of preventing HCV transmission by reducing the infectious pool of individuals.

CDC: Updated Recommendations for Latent TB Infection Treatment

CDC: Updated Recommendations for Latent TB Infection Treatment

By

In 2017, a Work Group was assembled to conduct a systematic review of 3HP regimen studies published between January 2006 to June 2017, specifically looking at outcomes in children, individuals with HIV/AIDS, and those who self-administered treatment.

Human Challenge Studies in Infectious Disease: Despite Need for Rigorous Oversight, Studies Are Vital

Human Challenge Studies in Infectious Disease: Despite Need for Rigorous Oversight, Studies Are Vital

By

Barriers to challenge studies include ethical guidelines indicating that the generation of scientific knowledge should never supersede the rights and interests of research subjects.

CDC Issues Updated Advisory Regarding Outbreaks of Hepatitis A

CDC Issues Updated Advisory Regarding Outbreaks of Hepatitis A

By

Of the 2500 cases of hepatitis A infection reported between January 2017 and April 2018, 68% were among persons who reported drug use (injection and non-injection), homelessness, or both.

HCV Guidelines Updated to Include Recommendations for Key Populations

HCV Guidelines Updated to Include Recommendations for Key Populations

By

The guidelines were developed by the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the Infectious Diseases Society of America.

Importance of PrEP for People Involved in Criminal Justice Systems

Importance of PrEP for People Involved in Criminal Justice Systems

Important strategies to consider for people involved in the criminal justice systems include linkage to antiretroviral therapy for those who are HIV positive and linkage to PrEP postrelease and/or beginning PrEP before people are released so they build up adherence.

Novel Purchasing Strategy Could Cut Medicaid Costs for Hepatitis C Prescriptions

Novel Purchasing Strategy Could Cut Medicaid Costs for Hepatitis C Prescriptions

A new purchasing strategy may dramatically increase access to drugs for HCV infection in the Medicaid program without increasing state and federal costs.

Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria Found in 221 US Healthcare Facilities

Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria Found in 221 US Healthcare Facilities

By

Antibiotic resistance is a nationwide issue that affects every state. How do we combat it?

Free E-Newsletter