HealthDay News — Patients with newly detected diabetes who achieve at least 10% weight loss within the first 5 years of diagnosis are more likely to have disease remission, according to a study published in Diabetic Medicine.
Hajira Dambha-Miller, PhD, from University of Cambridge in the United Kingdom, and colleagues identified 867 people (aged 40 to 69 years) with newly diagnosed diabetes using stepwise screening (between 2002 and 2006). Assessments of weight change, physical activity, diet, and alcohol consumption were made at baseline and 1 year after diagnosis. Rates of remission were determined at 5 years following diagnosis.
The researchers found that 30% of patients achieved diabetes remission at five-year follow-up. Those who achieved ≥10% weight loss in the first year after diagnosis had a significantly higher likelihood of remission (risk ratio, 1.77) compared with patients who maintained the same weight. Weight loss ≥10% in the subsequent 1 to 5 years was also associated with five-year remission (risk ratio, 2.43).
“Greater attention should be paid to enabling people to achieve weight loss following diagnosis of type 2 diabetes,” the authors write.