HealthDay News — According to a Vital Signs report published in the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, there was a significant increase in the use of syringe services programs — more commonly known as needle exchange programs — across the United States over the past decade.
However, many injection drug users still do not always use sterile needles.
Researchers from the CDC looked at data from injection drug users in 22 cities with high rates of HIV. In 2015, 54% of injection drug users said they used a needle exchange program in the past year. That was up significantly compared to the 36% who said they used such a program in 2005.
Despite the increased use of needle exchange programs, 33% of drug users in 2015 said they had shared a needle within the past year. In 2005, that number was 36%, according to the report. The report also highlighted progress in HIV prevention among black and Hispanic injection drug users, but uncovered worrying trends among white drug users.
The percentage of white injection drug users who said they shared syringes was 45% in 2005 and 43% in 2015. The percentage who said they received all syringes from sterile sources remained unchanged at 22% over the decade. HIV diagnoses among white injection drug users declined about 27% from 2008 to 2014. But the diagnoses remained stable from 2012 to 2014.
Wejnert C, Hess KL, Hall HI, et al. Vital Signs: Trends in HIV Diagnoses, Risk Behaviors, and Prevention Among Persons Who Inject Drugs — United States. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2016. doi: 0.15585/mmwr.mm6547e1
Use of Syringe Services Programs Increases, But Access Must Improve for Greater HIV Prevention [press release]. Atlanta, GA: US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; November 29, 2016.