HealthDay News — From 2004-2005 to 2012-2013, there was an overall increase in suicide attempts among US adults, according to a study published online in JAMA Psychiatry.

Mark Olfson, MD, MPH, from Columbia University in New York City, and colleagues used data from the 2004 to 2005 wave 2 national Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) and the 2012 to 2013 NESARC-III to assess trends in suicide attempts in the United States. A total of 69,341 adults, aged 21 years and older were surveyed.

The researchers observed an increase in the weighted percentage of US adults making a recent suicide attempt from .62% in 2004-2005 to .79% in 2012-2013 (risk difference adjusted for age, sex, and race/ethnicity [ARD], .17%).

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Adults aged 21 to 34 years had a significantly larger ARD for suicide attempts than adults aged 65 years and older (.48% vs .06%). Compared with college graduates, adults with no more than a high school education had a significantly larger ARD for suicide attempts (.49 vs .03%). Significantly larger ARDs were also seen for adults with antisocial personality disorder, a history of violent behavior, or a history of anxiety or depressive disorders.

“The pattern of suicide attempts supports a clinical and public health focus on younger, socioeconomically disadvantaged adults,” the authors write.

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Olfson M, Blanco C, Wall M, et al. National trends in suicide attempts among adults in the US [published September 13, 2017]. JAMA Psychiatry. doi: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2017.2582