HealthDay News — According to a study published in JAMA Pediatrics, the estimated annual number of perinatal HIV-infected infants born in the United States decreased from 2002 to 2013.
Allan Taylor, MD, MPH, from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta, and colleagues estimated the number of perinatal HIV cases using data from the National HIV Surveillance System on infants with HIV born in the United States and their mothers from 2002 to 2013.
The researchers found that from 2002 to 2013, there was a decrease in the estimated annual number of perinatally infected infants born in the United States, from 216 to 69. Among perinatally HIV-infected children born in 2002 to 2013, 63.0 and 18.3% of the mothers identified as black or African-American and as Hispanic or Latino, respectively.
Overall, 37.5% of mothers had HIV infection diagnosed before pregnancy in 2002 to 2005, compared with 51.5% in 2010 to 2013.
The proportion of mother-infant pairs that received all of prenatal, intrapartum, and postnatal antiretroviral prophylaxis or treatment was 22.4 and 31.8% in 2002 to 2005 and 2010 to 2013, respectively; about 28.4 and 40.3%, respectively, received antiretroviral prophylaxis or treatment during pregnancy.
“Despite reduced perinatal HIV infection in the United States, missed opportunities for prevention were common among infected infants and their mothers in recent years,” the authors write.
Taylor AW, et al. “Estimated Perinatal HIV Infection Among Infants Born in the United States, 2002-2013.” JAMA Pediatr. 2017. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.5053 [Epub ahead of print]
Esber A, et al. “Using Systems of Care and a Public Health Approach to Achieve Zero Perinatal HIV Transmissions.” JAMA Pediatr. 2017. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.4871 [Epub ahead of print]