HealthDay News — According to a study published in Pediatrics, considerable variation is seen in risk assessment for newborn early onset sepsis (EOS).

Sagori Mukhopadhyay, MD, from the Children’s Hospital in Philadelphia, and colleagues described EOS risk management strategies across a national sample of newborn nurseries using a web-based survey that was sent to each Better Outcomes through Research for Newborns network nursery site representative. 

Specific practices for assessing and managing well-appearing term newborns identified at risk for EOS were addressed with 19 questions. Responses were received from 81 of 97 nurseries.

The researchers found that the most common factor used to identify risk for EOS was obstetric diagnosis of chorioamnionitis (79 of 81 nurseries). 


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Fifty-one of 79 sites used American Academy of Pediatrics or Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines to inform clinical care among well-appearing term infants with concern for maternal chorioamnionitis; 11 and two sites used a published sepsis risk calculator and clinical observation alone, respectively. 

At 13% of the sites, the most common laboratory tests obtained and influencing duration of empirical antibiotics were complete blood cell count (94.8%) and C-reactive protein (36.4%). 

At 95% of centers, some degree of mother-infant separation was necessary for EOS evaluation; in 40% of the sites, separation was required for the entire duration of antibiotic therapy.

“Substantial variation exists in newborn EOS risk assessment, affecting the definition of risk, the level of medical intervention, and ultimately mother-infant separation,” the authors write.

References

Mukhopadhyay S, et al. “Variation In Sepsis Evaluation Across A National Network Of Nurseries”. Pediatrics. 2017. doi: 10.1542/peds.2016-2845. [EPub ahead of print]

Cummings JJ. “The Well-Appearing Newborn At Risk For Early-Onset Sepsis: We Can Do Better”. Pediatrics. 2017. doi: 10.1542/peds.2016-4211. [Epub ahead of print]

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