Ethics

What's Torture Good For? Absolutely Nothing

What's Torture Good For? Absolutely Nothing

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Torture has always had its place as a two-faced mythical creature in American society, but no neuroscientific backing for the practice exists.

An Epidemic of Violence: Treating a Contagious Health Problem

An Epidemic of Violence: Treating a Contagious Health Problem

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Researchers argue that violence is best treated as an epidemic health problem.

Successful Academia-Intelligence Agency Classroom Collaboration Raises Ethical Concerns

Successful Academia-Intelligence Agency Classroom Collaboration Raises Ethical Concerns

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Researchers partnered with the National Security Agency to examine social, ethical, and pedagogical considerations surrounding prototype intelligence technology use.

Researchers Call for Widespread Inclusion of Conflict-of-Interest Disclosures in Manuscripts

Researchers Call for Widespread Inclusion of Conflict-of-Interest Disclosures in Manuscripts

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More than 20% of articles included in a cross-sectional study included conflict-of-interest disclosures.

When Hard Cases Make Bad Law: Evidence-Based Recommendations vs Legal Precedence for Resuscitation of Premature Infants

When Hard Cases Make Bad Law: Evidence-Based Recommendations vs Legal Precedence for Resuscitation of Premature Infants

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The decision to resuscitate an extremely premature newborn is governed by a patchwork of state-level laws that are not necessarily grounded in evidence-based medicine.

Sexual Orientation Monitoring in Health Care Settings: When Should Clinicians Ask?

Sexual Orientation Monitoring in Health Care Settings: When Should Clinicians Ask?

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Two clinicians sound off regarding proposed sexual orientation monitoring in health and social care settings.

Federal Right-to-Try Legislation Could Undermine FDA's Public Health Mission

Federal Right-to-Try Legislation Could Undermine FDA's Public Health Mission

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Recent "right-to-try" legislation passed in the Senate could diminish the FDA's public health mission.

Counseling Patients About Firearms in the Home: What Is the Physician's Role?

Counseling Patients About Firearms in the Home: What Is the Physician's Role?

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Physicians should be aware of state laws pertaining to firearm counseling, temporary transfer, and safe storage.

A New Code of Ethics for Clinical Trial Research in the 21st Century

A New Code of Ethics for Clinical Trial Research in the 21st Century

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Recent revisions to the Common Rule deal largely with improving transparency of informed consent while introducing a new concept of "broad consent" that can expand the reach of research.

Psychiatric Genetic Testing May Be Beneficial for Some Minors

Psychiatric Genetic Testing May Be Beneficial for Some Minors

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Researchers identified 5 nonmedical themes that affect the decision to implement predictive genetic testing for psychiatric conditions.

Overdiagnosis in Medicine: What We Owe Our Patients

Overdiagnosis in Medicine: What We Owe Our Patients

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Physicians need to think about ethical problems in a way that allows a balance of competing priorities and also leaves room for personalized decision-making.

System-Level Reform Needed to Appropriately Allocate Resources for Hospital-Dependent Patients

System-Level Reform Needed to Appropriately Allocate Resources for Hospital-Dependent Patients

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Reform is necessary to balance the health needs of hospital-dependent patients with those of the larger hospital community.

Nutrition Research Requires More Transparency of Conflicts of Interest

Nutrition Research Requires More Transparency of Conflicts of Interest

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Researchers should disclose conflicts of interest that present bias toward a specific organization, industry, or dietary behavior.

Should Physicians Facilitate Lethal Injection Executions?

Should Physicians Facilitate Lethal Injection Executions?

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While some support physician participation in lethal injection, others view it as a clear violation of the Hippocratic Oath.

Planning Clinical Trial Designs for Future Public Health Epidemics

Planning Clinical Trial Designs for Future Public Health Epidemics

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Investigators should plan for future public health epidemics so that consensus about trial design and conduct among agencies and local communities can be reached before the next outbreak.

Gender Bias Affects Clinical Decision-Making in Patients with Suspected Coronary Artery Disease

Gender Bias Affects Clinical Decision-Making in Patients with Suspected Coronary Artery Disease

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Cardiologists have varying degrees of implicit gender bias, which explains some of the gender differences in clinical decision-making for suspected CAD.

Assessing Medical Age of Children Seeking Asylum: Legal and Ethical Challenges

Assessing Medical Age of Children Seeking Asylum: Legal and Ethical Challenges

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Determining whether or not an individual is a minor can be difficult when reliable documentation is lacking.

Protecting Patient Rights When Complying With Law Enforcement

Protecting Patient Rights When Complying With Law Enforcement

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Medical professionals can be caught between the legal and ethical obligations of informed consent and the legal obligations of complying with law enforcement orders.

Cancer Survivors Face Difficulty Obtaining Insurance Coverage for Fertility Preservation

Cancer Survivors Face Difficulty Obtaining Insurance Coverage for Fertility Preservation

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Recent legislation in several states passed legislation requiring insurance companies to cover fertility preservation services.

Ethical Implications of Voluntary Refusal to Eat or Drink

Ethical Implications of Voluntary Refusal to Eat or Drink

The researchers note that VSED has a distinct time frame allowing patients and families to say goodbye and work on issues relating to life closure. The initial states of VSED are mainly under the patient's control, and most of the process is driven and executed by the patient.

Careful Design of ECT Research Important for Ethical Concerns

Careful Design of ECT Research Important for Ethical Concerns

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Although electroconvulsive therapy is effective for patients with severe psychiatric disorders, various misconceptions still exist.

Medical School Training Has Various Effects on Empathy in Students

Medical School Training Has Various Effects on Empathy in Students

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Although some research shows that empathy decreases over the course of medical school training, other evidence suggests that certain aspects of empathy improve throughout training.

Experts Weigh in on ACP Position Statement on Physician-Assisted Suicide

Experts Weigh in on ACP Position Statement on Physician-Assisted Suicide

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Authors of recent position papers provide their opinion on the legalization of physician assisted suicide.

Ethically Navigating Organ Donation Through Social Media

Ethically Navigating Organ Donation Through Social Media

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Ethical regulations regarding the use of social media for communication about organ transplantation address increased concerns about the autonomy and quality of care for transplant candidates and potential donors.

Ethical Conflicts Between Patient and Physician Are Common in Futility Care

Ethical Conflicts Between Patient and Physician Are Common in Futility Care

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Some physicians "may invoke futility to unilaterally withhold treatment when the treatments 'prolong the dying process'" at the bedside.

Euthanasia, Physician-Assisted Suicide Increasingly Legalized Worldwide, but Remain Rare

Euthanasia, Physician-Assisted Suicide Increasingly Legalized Worldwide, but Remain Rare

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Euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide legalization is increasing worldwide, but reported cases are few and remain rare.

More Clarity Needed on Recordings of Medical Encounters, Policy Experts Say

More Clarity Needed on Recordings of Medical Encounters, Policy Experts Say

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The law is inconsistent, with patient encounter recordings being allowed in certain situations and illegal in others.

Blood Farming and Illegal Organ Selling

Blood Farming and Illegal Organ Selling

Blood farming is a growing health care and human rights issue that is especially prevalent in India. This highly illegal and immoral practice involves treating human beings (often recent immigrants and individuals from other marginalized populations) much like cattle on an industrial dairy farm.

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