Ethics

Human Challenge Studies in Infectious Disease: Despite Need for Rigorous Oversight, Studies Are Vital

Human Challenge Studies in Infectious Disease: Despite Need for Rigorous Oversight, Studies Are Vital

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Barriers to challenge studies include ethical guidelines indicating that the generation of scientific knowledge should never supersede the rights and interests of research subjects.

What Role Do Trauma Physicians Play in Facilitating Organ Donations?

What Role Do Trauma Physicians Play in Facilitating Organ Donations?

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Although organ donation is important and is considered a public good, trauma physicians are charged first and foremost with restoring and maintaining the health of their patients.

Considerations of Firearm Ownership in People With Dementia

Considerations of Firearm Ownership in People With Dementia

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It is estimated that more than 50% of people with dementia live in a household with a firearm, either owned by them or someone they live with.

How Many Chances Are Too Many? Treating Recurrent Infective Endocarditis in IV Drug Users

How Many Chances Are Too Many? Treating Recurrent Infective Endocarditis in IV Drug Users

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How many second chances should a drug user get? As many as it takes for us — physicians, society, government, and the healthcare system — to get it right.

The Value of Low-Quality Infertility Care in Regions With Infrastructure Deficits

The Value of Low-Quality Infertility Care in Regions With Infrastructure Deficits

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The case study focused on the story of a clinician who arrived in Lebanon to discuss how to best offer infertility treatment to Syrian refugees in the region.

Ethical Dilemmas Vary Based on Physician Professional Values, Social Regulations

Ethical Dilemmas Vary Based on Physician Professional Values, Social Regulations

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Study investigators asked physicians whether they perceived specific clinical examples as an ethical dilemma.

Widespread Lack of Understanding of Disease Risk Factors, Research Needs in Incarcerated Populations

Widespread Lack of Understanding of Disease Risk Factors, Research Needs in Incarcerated Populations

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Incarcerated individuals are underrepresented in health research, resulting in poor understanding of risk factors for disease

Defining Normal: An Ethical Responsibility in Surgery

Defining Normal: An Ethical Responsibility in Surgery

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In the past few years, Snapchat has allowed plastic surgeons to showcase labiaplasty surgical procedures to a large audience, which has led to ethical concerns.

FDA: Draft Guidance for the Inclusion of Pregnant Women in Clinical Trials

FDA: Draft Guidance for the Inclusion of Pregnant Women in Clinical Trials

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The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has issued draft guidance for industry regarding the science and ethics of including pregnant women in drug development clinical trials.

Greater Credibility Needed in Investigations of Scientific Misconduct Reports

Greater Credibility Needed in Investigations of Scientific Misconduct Reports

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There are substantial limitations to depending only on institutional investigations of scientific misconduct.

UK National Health Service Explores Justification for Rationing Elective Surgery in Smokers, Obesity

UK National Health Service Explores Justification for Rationing Elective Surgery in Smokers, Obesity

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Recent measures in the United Kingdom have proposed restricting access to elective surgery for smokers and people with obesity.

Health Care in Low-Income Settings Leads to Ethical, Financial Dilemmas

Health Care in Low-Income Settings Leads to Ethical, Financial Dilemmas

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Difficult trade-offs are often necessary in low-income areas where health care is paid for out of pocket.

Should Genealogy Data Be Used for Criminal Justice Purposes?

Should Genealogy Data Be Used for Criminal Justice Purposes?

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Informed consent, privacy, and justice concerns are 3 issues that should be addressed before the use of online genealogy data in criminal cases becomes widely adopted.

Court-Mandated Substance Abuse Treatment: Exploring the Ethics and Efficacy

Court-Mandated Substance Abuse Treatment: Exploring the Ethics and Efficacy

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While many treatments for substance use disorder are not evidence based, several evidence-based approaches have shown effectiveness in court-mandated treatment settings.

Emergency-Only Treatment for Undocumented Immigrants Associated With Moral Distress

Emergency-Only Treatment for Undocumented Immigrants Associated With Moral Distress

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Providing emergency-only care to undocumented immigrants has been linked to increased moral distress and burnout in treating physicians.

Ethically Using a Personal "Brand" in Plastic Surgery Advertisements

Ethically Using a Personal "Brand" in Plastic Surgery Advertisements

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Although social media advertising is an innovative and useful tool, there are risks to patients who are exposed to a physician's "brand" through social media.

From Needle Exchanges to Supervised Injection: Why Communities Benefit From Supervised Injection Sites

From Needle Exchanges to Supervised Injection: Why Communities Benefit From Supervised Injection Sites

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Like needle exchanges before them, supervised injection sites have been shown to decrease the harms associated with injection drug use.

Supervised Injection Sites Hailed as the Latest Strategy to Fight the Opioid Crisis

Supervised Injection Sites Hailed as the Latest Strategy to Fight the Opioid Crisis

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Although they are against the law, supervised injection sites are slated to open in Seattle, San Francisco, and Philadelphia in 2018.

Dismiss or Don't? Ethical Considerations of Dismissing Vaccine-Refusing Families

Dismiss or Don't? Ethical Considerations of Dismissing Vaccine-Refusing Families

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Dismissing the children of vaccine-refusing families does not address the fundamental issue of vaccine refusal.

What a Building Contractor Taught Me About Informed Consent

What a Building Contractor Taught Me About Informed Consent

Identifying a patient's preferences and goals leads to a care plan that can reflect those goals, and this may improve patient satisfaction.

The 'Attitude Roots' Underlying Antivaccination Beliefs

The 'Attitude Roots' Underlying Antivaccination Beliefs

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Although efforts to debunk antivaccination beliefs often rely on fact-based strategies, emerging evidence suggests it may be more effective to target the psychological roots of these beliefs.

The Pilot, the Physician, and the Whistleblower: When Is it Okay to Sound the Alarm?

The Pilot, the Physician, and the Whistleblower: When Is it Okay to Sound the Alarm?

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Airplane cockpits have a lot in common with operating rooms: both host a small team that's trusted to perform an extraordinarily complex task with the clear understanding that any misstep could spell doom.

Medicine and Conscience Intersect at the Department of Health and Human Services

Medicine and Conscience Intersect at the Department of Health and Human Services

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The Department of Health and Human Services has announced the creation of the Conscience and Religious Freedom Division within the HHS Office of Civil Rights.

Managing Medical Requests From Family and Friends

Managing Medical Requests From Family and Friends

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Fielding medical requests from friends and family can be a complex issue for physicians to navigate.

The Ethics of Upcoding: Does Illegality Matter?

The Ethics of Upcoding: Does Illegality Matter?

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Upcoding is universally illegal, but that doesn't stop physicians and nurses the world over from labeling a simple infection as septicemia or pretending that a routine office visit involves a comprehensive evaluation.

Do Not Resuscitate: Examining the Ethics of Overriding DNR Orders During Surgery

Do Not Resuscitate: Examining the Ethics of Overriding DNR Orders During Surgery

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The role of an anesthesiologist during surgery is not solely to make the patient more comfortable: if a patient becomes hemodynamically unstable, the anesthesiologist is required to administer CPR — sometimes against a patient's wishes.

Despite Research Gap, Medical Marijuana Use Supported at End of Life in Pediatric Cancer

Despite Research Gap, Medical Marijuana Use Supported at End of Life in Pediatric Cancer

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Since the legalization of medical marijuana, clinicians must come up with appropriate responses to requests for treatment in pediatric end-of-life settings.

CVS Unintentionally Reveals HIV Status of 6000 Customers

CVS Unintentionally Reveals HIV Status of 6000 Customers

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CVS Health faces lawsuit for revealing the HIV status of 6000 patients in Ohio.

Physician-Family Conflicts Common When Caring for Patients in a Vegetative State

Physician-Family Conflicts Common When Caring for Patients in a Vegetative State

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Differing visions and expectations often lead to clashes between medical teams and families of patients diagnosed with unresponsive wakefulness syndrome.

Personal Health Info Found in Recycling at 5 Hospitals

Personal Health Info Found in Recycling at 5 Hospitals

Nearly 600 kg of recycling was recovered, including over 2500 documents with personally identifiable health information.

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