Pediatrics

Tobacco Smoke Legislation Linked to Pediatric Public Health Benefits

Tobacco Smoke Legislation Linked to Pediatric Public Health Benefits

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Public health policies related to tobacco smoke legislation are associated with benefits to child health.

Unilateral DNAR Should Be Used Sparingly in Pediatric Care

Unilateral DNAR Should Be Used Sparingly in Pediatric Care

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Decisions about interventions for end-of-life care in a pediatric setting can be complex and emotionally charged for patients, parents, and the healthcare team.

Alternative Diagnoses That Explain Child Abuse: When Medical Testimonies are Scientifically Unsupported

Alternative Diagnoses That Explain Child Abuse: When Medical Testimonies are Scientifically Unsupported

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A number of pediatricians and specialists are wrongfully advancing scientifically-unfound theories to alternatively explain child abuse. What are the medical-legal consequences?

Physicians Should be Aware of Cultural Differences Regarding Nondisclosure

Physicians Should be Aware of Cultural Differences Regarding Nondisclosure

Physicians should be aware of societal codes of conduct that affect family beliefs and behaviors regarding information disclosure of pediatric patients.

Newborns Should Receive First Dose of Hep B Vaccine Within 24 Hours of Birth, Says AAP

Newborns Should Receive First Dose of Hep B Vaccine Within 24 Hours of Birth, Says AAP

About 1000 new cases of perinatal hepatitis B infection are identified annually in the United States, says AAP.

Live Attenuated Flu Vaccine Ineffective for Children in 2015-16

Live Attenuated Flu Vaccine Ineffective for Children in 2015-16

The inactivated influenza vaccine was 60% effective among children, while the live attenuated vaccine was found to be ineffective.

Racial Differences Exist for Infant Mortality Rates in America

Racial Differences Exist for Infant Mortality Rates in America

After years of progress, researchers say there is a recent rise in mortality rates for black infants.

Emergency Contraception Not Easily Obtained by Significant Number of US Teens

Emergency Contraception Not Easily Obtained by Significant Number of US Teens

'Mystery shopper' study found that pharmacists are still refusing sales to teens.

Decrease in Youth Tobacco Use Seen From 2015 to 2016

Decrease in Youth Tobacco Use Seen From 2015 to 2016

There was a significant decrease in e-cigarette use from 3 million in 2015 to 2.2 million in 2016.

Sudden Unexpected Infant Death Rates Decrease in the US

Sudden Unexpected Infant Death Rates Decrease in the US

However, significant racial and ethnic disparities in SUID persist.

Parent Trust in Physicians' Diagnosis Lowers With Internet Information Exposure

Parent Trust in Physicians' Diagnosis Lowers With Internet Information Exposure

Computer-generated diagnoses may mislead patients or parents, researcher says.

Repeat Teen Births Still a Problem in the United States

Repeat Teen Births Still a Problem in the United States

Too few teens use the most-effective birth control after having a first baby.

Elevated Blood Lead Levels in America Being Missed by Pediatricians

Elevated Blood Lead Levels in America Being Missed by Pediatricians

In 23 of 39 reporting states, pediatric care providers identified fewer than half of children with EBLL.

Family-Centered Rounds Checklist Benefits Quality of Care of Patients

Family-Centered Rounds Checklist Benefits Quality of Care of Patients

Implementing checklists improves the delivery of FCRs, while impacting quality and safety of care.

Pre-Operative Information Delivered Better Via Web-Based Platform

Pre-Operative Information Delivered Better Via Web-Based Platform

Children ages 3 to 12 years were better at attaining pre-op information from interactive web-based platforms.

Global Child and Adolescent Mortality Decreases From 1990 to 2015

Global Child and Adolescent Mortality Decreases From 1990 to 2015

Countries with lower sociodemographic index had a larger proportion of mortality burden in 2015 vs 1990.

Influenza Vaccinations Associated with Decreased Flu-Linked Pediatric Deaths

Influenza Vaccinations Associated with Decreased Flu-Linked Pediatric Deaths

Influenza vaccine effectiveness was 51% among children with high-risk conditions and 65% overall.

Q&A: How To Transition Pediatric Patients into Adult Care

Q&A: How To Transition Pediatric Patients into Adult Care

Having these discussions and providing this guidance should be an expectation of good care.

Tobacco Use More Prevalent Among Sexual Minority Youths

Tobacco Use More Prevalent Among Sexual Minority Youths

Among girls, lesbian and bisexual girls were more likely to report current use of any tobacco product.

Limited Child Development Benefits Seen with Breastfeeding

Limited Child Development Benefits Seen with Breastfeeding

After propensity matching, the only statistically significant outcome was hyperactivity at age 3 years.

Prescription Opioid Use Among US Teens Recently Declining

Prescription Opioid Use Among US Teens Recently Declining

Lifetime prevalence of use peaked in 1989, 2002, and stable until a decline in 2013 to 2015.

Brief Interventions by Physicians May Decrease Cannabis Use in Youths

Brief Interventions by Physicians May Decrease Cannabis Use in Youths

Interventions by general practitioners did not cut overall use, but it did reduce use in those younger than 18 years.

USPSTF Recommends Early Vision Screening in Children

USPSTF Recommends Early Vision Screening in Children

Children should be screened for amblyopia before the age of 5.

Asthma Risk in Offspring Increases with Low Maternal Vitamin E Levels

Asthma Risk in Offspring Increases with Low Maternal Vitamin E Levels

Association was strongest for the vitamin E isoform α-tocopherol, found in safflower and sunflower oils.

Nasal Nerve Block Found to Treat Children with Migraines

Nasal Nerve Block Found to Treat Children with Migraines

Local anesthetic is administered to the sphenopalatine ganglion via nasal catheters.

Quality Improvement Project Lowers Use of Head CT in Children

Quality Improvement Project Lowers Use of Head CT in Children

There was a reduction in CT use from 29.2% to 17.4% during the post-intervention period.

Higher Asthma Mortality Seen in Black Children

Higher Asthma Mortality Seen in Black Children

This group has 6 times the odds of dying from the illness compared to whites and Hispanics.

AAP Addresses Risks to Youths Since Marijuana Legalization Ruling

AAP Addresses Risks to Youths Since Marijuana Legalization Ruling

Legalization in many states may lead parents and children to think the drug is benign.

Resistant Infection Rates Increasing Among US Children

Resistant Infection Rates Increasing Among US Children

Research highlights the increasing community vulnerability.

Burnout Prevalent Among Many Pediatric Residents

Burnout Prevalent Among Many Pediatric Residents

Residents with burnout have increased odds of suboptimal patient care attitudes and behaviors.

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