Neurology

Space Flight-Associated Neuro-Ocular Syndrome Associated With Brain Upward Shift

Space Flight-Associated Neuro-Ocular Syndrome Associated With Brain Upward Shift

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Study results demonstrate that the eyes are gateways into the effects of space flight on the brain.

Following World Cup, FIFA Must Make Concussion Treatment a Priority

Following World Cup, FIFA Must Make Concussion Treatment a Priority

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Following the close of the 2018 World Cup, FIFA must consider how to better handle concussions moving forward.

Hormonal Contraceptives and Migraine: Is It Time to Revisit Stroke Risk?

Hormonal Contraceptives and Migraine: Is It Time to Revisit Stroke Risk?

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Current oral contraceptive products contain lower doses of estrogen than those used in the past, prompting reconsideration of risks and benefits.

United States High School Students Report Sport-Linked Concussion

United States High School Students Report Sport-Linked Concussion

The odds of reporting a concussion increased significantly with the number of sports teams on which a student played among all sex, grade, and racial/ethnic subgroups.

Herpesvirus Abundant in Alzheimer Disease Brain, New Study Finds

Herpesvirus Abundant in Alzheimer Disease Brain, New Study Finds

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While hundreds of published reports have made an argument for an association between Alzheimer disease and bacteria and viruses, the suggestion of a viral contribution to Alzheimer disease has not always been well received by the greater research community.

FDA to Review Sublingual Tx for Motor Fluctuations in Parkinson's Disease

FDA to Review Sublingual Tx for Motor Fluctuations in Parkinson's Disease

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The film is a new formulation of the dopamine agonist apomorphine, intended for rapid conversion from the OFF to the ON state; it has been studied to treat motor OFF episodes up to 5 times a day.

Multiple Sclerosis Treatment in Millennials: Expert Q&A

Multiple Sclerosis Treatment in Millennials: Expert Q&A

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As the most effective treatment for a patient with multiple sclerosis is one that is specifically tailored to the patient's individual needs and preferences, recognition of the unique characteristics, preferences, and trends shared by the millennial generation should drive innovative solutions.

Age of First Football Tackles Tied to Neurobehavioral Symptom Onset

Age of First Football Tackles Tied to Neurobehavioral Symptom Onset

Youth exposure to tackle football may reduce resiliency to late life neuropathology, according to research.

Palliative Care in Movement Disorders: Recommendations for Improvement

Palliative Care in Movement Disorders: Recommendations for Improvement

Parkinsonism syndromes are associated with progressive disability and increased mortality, with symptom burden comparable to that of advanced cancer.

AHA/ASA Ischemic Stroke Management Guidelines: Expert Takeaway

AHA/ASA Ischemic Stroke Management Guidelines: Expert Takeaway

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The 2018 guideline updates represent interdisciplinary discussion regarding the management of ischemic stroke.

Pharmacist Participation in Stroke Response Could Reduce Door-to-Needle Time

Pharmacist Participation in Stroke Response Could Reduce Door-to-Needle Time

The presence of a pharmacist during acute ischemic stroke is associated with significantly shorter door-to-needle times.

AAN Releases Guideline Update for Mild Cognitive Impairment

AAN Releases Guideline Update for Mild Cognitive Impairment

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The American Academy of Neurology has released updated guideline recommendations for mild cognitive impairment.

Risk for Musculoskeletal Disorders High Among Surgeons and Interventionalists

Risk for Musculoskeletal Disorders High Among Surgeons and Interventionalists

The prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders appears to be high for surgeons and interventionalists.

Autism Prevalence Stabilizing Among Children and Adolescents in the United States

Autism Prevalence Stabilizing Among Children and Adolescents in the United States

The prevalence of autism spectrum disorder among children and adolescents was 2.41% from 2014 to 2016.

Patients With Rheumatic Diseases May Have Higher Risk for Dementia

Patients With Rheumatic Diseases May Have Higher Risk for Dementia

Patients with rheumatoid arthritis, Sjögren's syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus, psoriatic arthritis, and osteoarthritis had a higher risk of dementia than those without rheumatic diseases.

Stress Linked to Poor Outcomes for Acute Treatment of Chronic Migraine

Stress Linked to Poor Outcomes for Acute Treatment of Chronic Migraine

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High stress levels were associated with poor acute treatment outcomes in patients with chronic migraine.

High-Intensity Treadmill Exercise Safe, Feasible in Patients With Parkinson's Disease

High-Intensity Treadmill Exercise Safe, Feasible in Patients With Parkinson's Disease

Researchers examined the feasibility and safety of high-intensity treadmill exercise in patients with de novo Parkinson's disease who were not taking medication.

When Should Patients With Dementia Stop Driving?

When Should Patients With Dementia Stop Driving?

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No formal mechanisms exist in to require cessation of driving for reasons associated with dementia, so the treating neurologist is often relied upon to initiate discussions of driving.

About 15 Million Adults Expected to Have Alzheimer Disease by 2060

About 15 Million Adults Expected to Have Alzheimer Disease by 2060

Results highlight the need for secondary preventions for persons with existing AD brain pathology who are likely to develop clinical disease during their lifetime.

Diet Quality Associated With Disability and Symptom Severity in Multiple Sclerosis

Diet Quality Associated With Disability and Symptom Severity in Multiple Sclerosis

An overall diet quality score was constructed based on the estimated intake of fruits, vegetables and legumes, whole grains, added sugars, and red/processed meats.

Multiple Sclerosis Linked to Increased Risk for Epilepsy

Multiple Sclerosis Linked to Increased Risk for Epilepsy

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Researchers observed a direct correlation between the presence and severity of multiple sclerosis and the risk for epilepsy.

More Men Than Women Have a Caregiver Among Patients With Parkinson's Disease

More Men Than Women Have a Caregiver Among Patients With Parkinson's Disease

Among patients with Parkinson's disease, more men than women have a caregiver.

Early ART Prevents Brain Volume, Cognitive Performance Deterioration in HIV

Early ART Prevents Brain Volume, Cognitive Performance Deterioration in HIV

Changes over time in brain volume and cognitive performance were similar between patients with HIV and controls.

Should We Close the Book on Patent Foramen Ovale Closure in Migraine?

Should We Close the Book on Patent Foramen Ovale Closure in Migraine?

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Recent research has suggested that patent foramen ovale closure surgery might be a preventive measure against future migraine attacks.

Stroke Linked to Accelerated Functional Decline and Disability

Stroke Linked to Accelerated Functional Decline and Disability

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Researchers examined the effects of ischemic stroke on disability trajectories over an extended period of time.

Acupuncture Reduces Pain Intensity in Idiopathic Trigeminal Neuralgia

Acupuncture Reduces Pain Intensity in Idiopathic Trigeminal Neuralgia

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Neuropathic pain showed benefit from acupuncture through a reduction in shock-like pain and in intensity.

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy Confirmed With PET Imaging in Professional Football Player

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy Confirmed With PET Imaging in Professional Football Player

Researchers have reported the first case of postmortem confirmation of CTE using PET imaging.

Childhood Abuse Linked to Migraines and Neuroticism Later in Life

Childhood Abuse Linked to Migraines and Neuroticism Later in Life

Presence of neuroticism was associated with migraine diagnosis after controlling for current depression, stress, and childhood abuse.

Exploring the Long-Term Effects of Head Injuries on Mental Health

Exploring the Long-Term Effects of Head Injuries on Mental Health

Mental health assessments may be a helpful aspect to the presport evaluation if those in need have access to care.

Cerebrospinal Fluid and MRI Findings May Predict Alzheimer's Dementia Risk

Cerebrospinal Fluid and MRI Findings May Predict Alzheimer's Dementia Risk

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Abnormal cerebrospinal fluid and magnetic resonance imaging findings are highly predictive of Alzheimer disease dementia risk in patients with mild cognitive impairment.

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