Medicine

Stress Linked to Poor Outcomes for Acute Treatment of Chronic Migraine

Stress Linked to Poor Outcomes for Acute Treatment of Chronic Migraine

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High stress levels were associated with poor acute treatment outcomes in patients with chronic migraine.

Influenza Vaccine Predicted to Be Effective Against US H3N2 Viruses

Influenza Vaccine Predicted to Be Effective Against US H3N2 Viruses

Current vaccines are likely to be effective against H3N2 flu viruses in the 2017/2018 flu season.

Functional Limitations Reported in Children With Congenital Zika Virus

Functional Limitations Reported in Children With Congenital Zika Virus

Findings allow for anticipation of medical and social service needs of affected children and their families.

The Streetlight Effect: Statistical vs Clinical Significance in Medical Research

The Streetlight Effect: Statistical vs Clinical Significance in Medical Research

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Evidence of the streetlight effect can be found across several fields, including medical research, where investigators draw suspect conclusions from analysis of irrelevant data.

Bivalent Meningococcal B Vaccine Safe and Immunogenic in Adolescents

Bivalent Meningococcal B Vaccine Safe and Immunogenic in Adolescents

The vaccine elicits bactericidal responses against diverse meningococcal B strains after 2 and 3 doses in adolescents and young adults.

FDA-Expedited Drugs With Breakthrough Status Have Shortest Development Time

FDA-Expedited Drugs With Breakthrough Status Have Shortest Development Time

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Researchers examined the clinical development times of FDA expedited programs.

High-Intensity Treadmill Exercise Safe, Feasible in Patients With Parkinson's Disease

High-Intensity Treadmill Exercise Safe, Feasible in Patients With Parkinson's Disease

Researchers examined the feasibility and safety of high-intensity treadmill exercise in patients with de novo Parkinson's disease who were not taking medication.

Hospital Mortality Rates No Different for Patients Treated by Locum Tenens Physicians

Hospital Mortality Rates No Different for Patients Treated by Locum Tenens Physicians

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No significant differences were observed in 30-day mortality among patients treated by locum tenens physicians compared with those treated by non-locum tenens physician.

When Should Patients With Dementia Stop Driving?

When Should Patients With Dementia Stop Driving?

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No formal mechanisms exist in to require cessation of driving for reasons associated with dementia, so the treating neurologist is often relied upon to initiate discussions of driving.

Short-Acting Insulin Approved for Patients With Diabetes

Short-Acting Insulin Approved for Patients With Diabetes

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The FDA has approved Admelog for children age 3 and older with type 1 diabetes and adults with type 2 diabetes.

New Drug Application Submitted to FDA for First Oral Smallpox Treatment

New Drug Application Submitted to FDA for First Oral Smallpox Treatment

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If approved, TPOXX would be the first treatment for smallpox.

Benefits of Cannabis Therapy May Be Overestimated in Clinical Trials

Benefits of Cannabis Therapy May Be Overestimated in Clinical Trials

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The growing acceptance of medical cannabis has been driven by clinical trials that are flawed by inadequate blinding.

Examining Racial Disparities in Hepatitis C Treatment Outcomes

Examining Racial Disparities in Hepatitis C Treatment Outcomes

The most pressing issues with respect to racial disparities reside in the medical system, rather than the patient.

Obesity May Be Linked to Increased Risk for Rosacea in Women

Obesity May Be Linked to Increased Risk for Rosacea in Women

The risk for rosacea was higher among those with increased body mass index.

About 15 Million Adults Expected to Have Alzheimer Disease by 2060

About 15 Million Adults Expected to Have Alzheimer Disease by 2060

Results highlight the need for secondary preventions for persons with existing AD brain pathology who are likely to develop clinical disease during their lifetime.

More Infants Born With Low Birth Weight in Flint, Michigan During Water Crisis

More Infants Born With Low Birth Weight in Flint, Michigan During Water Crisis

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Birth weights decreased among infants born in Flint, Michigan, after the city's shift to the Flint River for its tap water source.

Evidence-Based Guidelines Reduce Opioid Prescribing

Evidence-Based Guidelines Reduce Opioid Prescribing

Implementation of evidence-based guidelines can reduce opioid prescribing after laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

CDC Update: Influenza Activity Increasing in the United States

CDC Update: Influenza Activity Increasing in the United States

Influenza activity in the United States was low during October 2017, but started increasing in November.

Diet Quality Associated With Disability and Symptom Severity in Multiple Sclerosis

Diet Quality Associated With Disability and Symptom Severity in Multiple Sclerosis

An overall diet quality score was constructed based on the estimated intake of fruits, vegetables and legumes, whole grains, added sugars, and red/processed meats.

DOACs Beneficial for Stroke Prevention in Atrial Fibrillation

DOACs Beneficial for Stroke Prevention in Atrial Fibrillation

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Direct acting oral anticoagulants are more effective for stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation.

Guidelines Released for Chronic Pain Management in Patients With HIV

Guidelines Released for Chronic Pain Management in Patients With HIV

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The HIV Medicine Association of the Infectious Diseases Society of America has released new guidelines chronic pain management in patients with HIV.

Multiple Sclerosis Linked to Increased Risk for Epilepsy

Multiple Sclerosis Linked to Increased Risk for Epilepsy

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Researchers observed a direct correlation between the presence and severity of multiple sclerosis and the risk for epilepsy.

Cardiopulmonary Benefits of Walking Mediated by Traffic Pollution

Cardiopulmonary Benefits of Walking Mediated by Traffic Pollution

The cardiopulmonary benefits of walking are attenuated when walking in a traffic polluted area.

Weight Loss Patterns Vary After Gastric Bypass Surgery

Weight Loss Patterns Vary After Gastric Bypass Surgery

Researchers observed different weight loss patterns following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding.

Physician Personal Experience May Affect Care of Patients With Breast Cancer

Physician Personal Experience May Affect Care of Patients With Breast Cancer

Physicians with social network member with breast cancer poor prognosis more likely to recommend screening.

More Men Than Women Have a Caregiver Among Patients With Parkinson's Disease

More Men Than Women Have a Caregiver Among Patients With Parkinson's Disease

Among patients with Parkinson's disease, more men than women have a caregiver.

Link Between Diabetes and Antibiotic Use Mediated by Clinical and Lifestyle Factors

Link Between Diabetes and Antibiotic Use Mediated by Clinical and Lifestyle Factors

The link between use of antibiotics and increased risk for diabetes may be explained by clinical and lifestyle factors.

FDA Approves First Biosimilar to Treat Breast, Stomach Cancers

FDA Approves First Biosimilar to Treat Breast, Stomach Cancers

The FDA has approved Ogivri to treat breast and gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma cancers.

Early ART Prevents Brain Volume, Cognitive Performance Deterioration in HIV

Early ART Prevents Brain Volume, Cognitive Performance Deterioration in HIV

Changes over time in brain volume and cognitive performance were similar between patients with HIV and controls.

Few Websites Provide Online Price Estimates for Medical Interventions

Few Websites Provide Online Price Estimates for Medical Interventions

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Less than 1 in 5 websites provide price estimates for nonemergency medical interventions.

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