Long-Term Benefits with Psychotherapy in Depressed Teens

Early treatment of depression may lower the risk of future episodes of mood disorders.
Early treatment of depression may lower the risk of future episodes of mood disorders.

HealthDay News -- According to a study published in The Lancet Psychiatry, many long-term benefits from psychological counseling can be seen for teens with depression.

The study included 465 teens in England who had been diagnosed with depression. 

The participants were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 treatments: cognitive behavior therapy; short-term psychoanalytic therapy; or a brief psychosocial intervention.

The researchers found that 70% of the teens improved to a significant extent no matter which approach they tried. 

In those who benefited from treatment, their depression symptoms had declined by 50% over the next year.

"This is very promising and shows that at least two-thirds of teenagers may benefit from these psychiatric treatments, which in theory reduce the risk of recurrence," study coauthor Peter Fonagy, PhD, a professor with the Anna Freud Centre and University College London, said in a journal news release.

References

Goodyer IM, et al. "Cognitive Behavioural Therapy And Short-Term Psychoanalytical Psychotherapy Versus A Brief Psychosocial Intervention In Adolescents With Unipolar Major Depressive Disorder (IMPACT): A Multicentre, Pragmatic, Observer-Blind, Randomised Controlled Superiority Trial". The Lancet Psychiatry. 2016. doi: 10.1016/S2215-0366(16)30378-9. [Epub ahead of print]

Asarnow J and Ougrin D. "From Efficacy To Pragmatic Trials: Does The Dodo Bird Verdict Apply?". The Lancet Psychiatry. 2016. doi: 10.1016/S2215-0366(16)30404-7. [Epub ahead of print]

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