Infectious Disease

Shared Motivations, Concerns Regarding Living Organ Donation in HIV

Shared Motivations, Concerns Regarding Living Organ Donation in HIV

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Concerns and motivations regarding living donor status in people with HIV should be assessed by physicians and independent living donor advocates.

Can Direct-Acting Antivirals Finally Achieve Hepatitis C Elimination?

Can Direct-Acting Antivirals Finally Achieve Hepatitis C Elimination?

Unrestricted use of DAAs may be an invaluable component of preventing HCV transmission by reducing the infectious pool of individuals.

CDC: Updated Recommendations for Latent TB Infection Treatment

CDC: Updated Recommendations for Latent TB Infection Treatment

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In 2017, a Work Group was assembled to conduct a systematic review of 3HP regimen studies published between January 2006 to June 2017, specifically looking at outcomes in children, individuals with HIV/AIDS, and those who self-administered treatment.

Human Challenge Studies in Infectious Disease: Despite Need for Rigorous Oversight, Studies Are Vital

Human Challenge Studies in Infectious Disease: Despite Need for Rigorous Oversight, Studies Are Vital

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Barriers to challenge studies include ethical guidelines indicating that the generation of scientific knowledge should never supersede the rights and interests of research subjects.

CDC Issues Updated Advisory Regarding Outbreaks of Hepatitis A

CDC Issues Updated Advisory Regarding Outbreaks of Hepatitis A

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Of the 2500 cases of hepatitis A infection reported between January 2017 and April 2018, 68% were among persons who reported drug use (injection and non-injection), homelessness, or both.

HCV Guidelines Updated to Include Recommendations for Key Populations

HCV Guidelines Updated to Include Recommendations for Key Populations

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The guidelines were developed by the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the Infectious Diseases Society of America.

Importance of PrEP for People Involved in Criminal Justice Systems

Importance of PrEP for People Involved in Criminal Justice Systems

Important strategies to consider for people involved in the criminal justice systems include linkage to antiretroviral therapy for those who are HIV positive and linkage to PrEP postrelease and/or beginning PrEP before people are released so they build up adherence.

Novel Purchasing Strategy Could Cut Medicaid Costs for Hepatitis C Prescriptions

Novel Purchasing Strategy Could Cut Medicaid Costs for Hepatitis C Prescriptions

A new purchasing strategy may dramatically increase access to drugs for HCV infection in the Medicaid program without increasing state and federal costs.

Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria Found in 221 US Healthcare Facilities

Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria Found in 221 US Healthcare Facilities

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Antibiotic resistance is a nationwide issue that affects every state. How do we combat it?

Low Availability of Alternative Yellow Fever Vaccine, Per CDC

Low Availability of Alternative Yellow Fever Vaccine, Per CDC

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YF-Vax is expected to be available again by the end of 2018.

USPSTF Recommends Syphilis Screening in Pregnant Women

USPSTF Recommends Syphilis Screening in Pregnant Women

Results of a systematic review found a considerable net benefit to screening for syphilis infection in pregnant women.

Liquid Vancomycin Approved by FDA for <i>C diff</i> Diarrhea, <i>S aureus</i> Enterocolitis

Liquid Vancomycin Approved by FDA for C diff Diarrhea, S aureus Enterocolitis

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The oral solution will replace a compounding kit used to prepare vancomycin oral liquid therapy.

CDC Finds Many Adults Have Never Been Tested for HIV

CDC Finds Many Adults Have Never Been Tested for HIV

Nearly 40% of women and more than 50% of men had never been tested for HIV between 2011 and 2015.

The Quest for a Universal Influenza Vaccine

The Quest for a Universal Influenza Vaccine

Researchers from NIH's National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases aimed to develop a universal influenza vaccine that would confer better and longer-lasting protection against the influenza virus.

CDC Map Shows State-by-State Progress in Fight Against Antibiotic Resistance

CDC Map Shows State-by-State Progress in Fight Against Antibiotic Resistance

Data from the CDC show states' progress in combating antibiotic resistance.

New Adjuvanted Herpes Zoster Subunit Vaccine Cost-Effective Option

New Adjuvanted Herpes Zoster Subunit Vaccine Cost-Effective Option

The vaccine is cost-effective compared with the currently recommended live attenuated herpes zoster vaccine.

Influenza Vaccination for Multiple Seasons Helps Prevent Severe Infection

Influenza Vaccination for Multiple Seasons Helps Prevent Severe Infection

Results show that annual vaccination lessens flu severity, hospitalizations, and death among the elderly.

CDC Investigates the Source of Deadly <i>E coli</i> Outbreak

CDC Investigates the Source of Deadly E coli Outbreak

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Seventeen cases of Shiga toxin-producing E coli O157:H7 have been reported in 13 states.

Planning Clinical Trial Designs for Future Public Health Epidemics

Planning Clinical Trial Designs for Future Public Health Epidemics

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Investigators should plan for future public health epidemics so that consensus about trial design and conduct among agencies and local communities can be reached before the next outbreak.

How Does Climate Change Affect the Incidence of Infectious Diseases?

How Does Climate Change Affect the Incidence of Infectious Diseases?

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A recent study points to the potential global spread of vector-borne diseases due to global warming.

Primary Care Providers Key in Prevention of New HIV Infections

Primary Care Providers Key in Prevention of New HIV Infections

HIV cases are increasing among young, healthy adults who will turn to primary care for advice, testing, and treatment.

Influenza Vaccine Predicted to Be Effective Against US H3N2 Viruses

Influenza Vaccine Predicted to Be Effective Against US H3N2 Viruses

Current vaccines are likely to be effective against H3N2 flu viruses in the 2017/2018 flu season.

Severe Functional Limitations Reported in Children With Congenital Zika Virus

Severe Functional Limitations Reported in Children With Congenital Zika Virus

Findings allow for anticipation of medical and social service needs of affected children and their families.

Bivalent Meningococcal B Vaccine Safe and Immunogenic in Adolescents

Bivalent Meningococcal B Vaccine Safe and Immunogenic in Adolescents

The vaccine elicits bactericidal responses against diverse meningococcal B strains after 2 and 3 doses in adolescents and young adults.

New Drug Application Submitted to FDA for First Oral Smallpox Treatment

New Drug Application Submitted to FDA for First Oral Smallpox Treatment

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If approved, TPOXX would be the first treatment for smallpox.

Examining Racial Disparities in Hepatitis C Treatment Outcomes

Examining Racial Disparities in Hepatitis C Treatment Outcomes

The most pressing issues with respect to racial disparities reside in the medical system, rather than the patient.

CDC Update: Influenza Activity Increasing in the United States

CDC Update: Influenza Activity Increasing in the United States

Influenza activity in the United States was low during October 2017, but started increasing in November.

Early ART Prevents Brain Volume, Cognitive Performance Deterioration in HIV

Early ART Prevents Brain Volume, Cognitive Performance Deterioration in HIV

Changes over time in brain volume and cognitive performance were similar between patients with HIV and controls.

Essentia Health Fires 50 Employees for Refusing Influenza Vaccination

Essentia Health Fires 50 Employees for Refusing Influenza Vaccination

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The Minnesota-based hospital chain fired nearly 50 employees for refusal to receive the influenza vaccine.

CDC: HIV Being Diagnosed More Quickly, Annual Infections Have Decreased

CDC: HIV Being Diagnosed More Quickly, Annual Infections Have Decreased

The CDC found that HIV is being diagnosed sooner after infection than previously reported.

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