Ethics

The Inhumane Practice of Constant Light Exposure in Immigrant Detention Facilities

The Inhumane Practice of Constant Light Exposure in Immigrant Detention Facilities

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The practice of family separations has been described by the president of the American Academy of Pediatrics as a "form of child abuse."

The Fight for Patient Privacy Under Big Data Analytics

The Fight for Patient Privacy Under Big Data Analytics

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Introduced by the Trump administration in March 2018, the MyHealthEData initiative seeks to broaden patient access to electronic health records and insurance claims information.

Addressing Conceptions of Hymenoplasty Among Healthcare Providers

Addressing Conceptions of Hymenoplasty Among Healthcare Providers

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Among some communities, hymenoplasty is seen as a "pragmatic choice" for women to conform to societal conceptions of virginity.

Does Right to Try Legislation Improve on Existing Compassionate Use Programs?

Does Right to Try Legislation Improve on Existing Compassionate Use Programs?

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While politicians celebrate the passage of the Right to Try Act, physicians must closely monitor the outcomes to mitigate the potential consequences of this law.

The Ethical Argument Against Publishing Medical Research: What Responsibility Do Journal Editors Have?

The Ethical Argument Against Publishing Medical Research: What Responsibility Do Journal Editors Have?

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There is growing concern regarding the power of the written word, specifically those words that are printed in medical journals.

Examining the Moral and Ethical Justification of Pornography Access in Fertility Clinics

Examining the Moral and Ethical Justification of Pornography Access in Fertility Clinics

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The feminist and legal arguments against pornography, particularly images and videos featuring women, is that it results in the continuation of gender-based inequality.

Do the Deceased Have Rights to Autonomy? An Ethical Examination of Posthumous Conception

Do the Deceased Have Rights to Autonomy? An Ethical Examination of Posthumous Conception

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Posthumous sperm collection should only be used in cases where there is a well-established relationship with a partner before death.

AMA Adopts Ethical Guidance on Medical Tourism

AMA Adopts Ethical Guidance on Medical Tourism

Medical tourism can complicate ethical expectations regarding patients' rights, including informed consent, continuity of care, and access to medical records.

Mining Patient Emergency Contact Data for Medical Research Raises Ethical Questions

Mining Patient Emergency Contact Data for Medical Research Raises Ethical Questions

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Being someone's emergency contact may mean even more as researchers use this information to study the heritability of various conditions.

Judge and Jury: Who Decides What Makes a "Bad Doctor?"

Judge and Jury: Who Decides What Makes a "Bad Doctor?"

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The internet has made it easier than ever for patients to search for physicians, but what happens when an innocent search yields horrific results?

Denial of Medically Necessary Gender-Affirming Surgeries Hurts US Veterans

Denial of Medically Necessary Gender-Affirming Surgeries Hurts US Veterans

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Gender-affirming surgery is the only medically necessary intervention specifically denied to US armed services veterans.

Balancing Patients' Right to Privacy With the Educational Needs of Medical Students

Balancing Patients' Right to Privacy With the Educational Needs of Medical Students

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Case study authors review the ethical and legal considerations of a medical student accessing a patient electronic health record after the patient is no longer in the student's care.

Applying a Bioethical Framework to Physician-Family Conflicts in Treatment Cessation

Applying a Bioethical Framework to Physician-Family Conflicts in Treatment Cessation

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As a highly delicate and case-sensitive issue, cessation of treatment for non-competent patients will continue to be central to the medical and bioethics communities.

Should Physicians Treat Family and Friends? Three Experts Weigh In

Should Physicians Treat Family and Friends? Three Experts Weigh In

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Although all of the guidelines acknowledge that there are emergent situations in which providing care for a family member or friend is not only permissible but also essential, other situations are frowned upon.

Addressing Confidentiality Concerns With Electronic Access to Pediatric Medical Records

Addressing Confidentiality Concerns With Electronic Access to Pediatric Medical Records

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As OpenNotes and similar patient portal systems gain traction, pediatricians examined the optimal way to afford transparency to parents while preserving patient confidentiality for minors.

Human Challenge Studies in Infectious Disease: Despite Need for Rigorous Oversight, Studies Are Vital

Human Challenge Studies in Infectious Disease: Despite Need for Rigorous Oversight, Studies Are Vital

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Barriers to challenge studies include ethical guidelines indicating that the generation of scientific knowledge should never supersede the rights and interests of research subjects.

What Role Do Trauma Physicians Play in Facilitating Organ Donations?

What Role Do Trauma Physicians Play in Facilitating Organ Donations?

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Although organ donation is important and is considered a public good, trauma physicians are charged first and foremost with restoring and maintaining the health of their patients.

Considerations of Firearm Ownership in People With Dementia

Considerations of Firearm Ownership in People With Dementia

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It is estimated that more than 50% of people with dementia live in a household with a firearm, either owned by them or someone they live with.

How Many Chances Are Too Many? Treating Recurrent Infective Endocarditis in IV Drug Users

How Many Chances Are Too Many? Treating Recurrent Infective Endocarditis in IV Drug Users

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How many second chances should a drug user get? As many as it takes for us — physicians, society, government, and the healthcare system — to get it right.

The Value of Low-Quality Infertility Care in Regions With Infrastructure Deficits

The Value of Low-Quality Infertility Care in Regions With Infrastructure Deficits

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The case study focused on the story of a clinician who arrived in Lebanon to discuss how to best offer infertility treatment to Syrian refugees in the region.

Ethical Dilemmas Vary Based on Physician Professional Values, Social Regulations

Ethical Dilemmas Vary Based on Physician Professional Values, Social Regulations

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Study investigators asked physicians whether they perceived specific clinical examples as an ethical dilemma.

Widespread Lack of Understanding of Disease Risk Factors, Research Needs in Incarcerated Populations

Widespread Lack of Understanding of Disease Risk Factors, Research Needs in Incarcerated Populations

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Incarcerated individuals are underrepresented in health research, resulting in poor understanding of risk factors for disease

Defining Normal: An Ethical Responsibility in Surgery

Defining Normal: An Ethical Responsibility in Surgery

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In the past few years, Snapchat has allowed plastic surgeons to showcase labiaplasty surgical procedures to a large audience, which has led to ethical concerns.

FDA: Draft Guidance for the Inclusion of Pregnant Women in Clinical Trials

FDA: Draft Guidance for the Inclusion of Pregnant Women in Clinical Trials

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The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has issued draft guidance for industry regarding the science and ethics of including pregnant women in drug development clinical trials.

Greater Credibility Needed in Investigations of Scientific Misconduct Reports

Greater Credibility Needed in Investigations of Scientific Misconduct Reports

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There are substantial limitations to depending only on institutional investigations of scientific misconduct.

UK National Health Service Explores Justification for Rationing Elective Surgery in Smokers, Obesity

UK National Health Service Explores Justification for Rationing Elective Surgery in Smokers, Obesity

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Recent measures in the United Kingdom have proposed restricting access to elective surgery for smokers and people with obesity.

Health Care in Low-Income Settings Leads to Ethical, Financial Dilemmas

Health Care in Low-Income Settings Leads to Ethical, Financial Dilemmas

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Difficult trade-offs are often necessary in low-income areas where health care is paid for out of pocket.

Should Genealogy Data Be Used for Criminal Justice Purposes?

Should Genealogy Data Be Used for Criminal Justice Purposes?

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Informed consent, privacy, and justice concerns are 3 issues that should be addressed before the use of online genealogy data in criminal cases becomes widely adopted.

Court-Mandated Substance Abuse Treatment: Exploring the Ethics and Efficacy

Court-Mandated Substance Abuse Treatment: Exploring the Ethics and Efficacy

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While many treatments for substance use disorder are not evidence based, several evidence-based approaches have shown effectiveness in court-mandated treatment settings.

Emergency-Only Treatment for Undocumented Immigrants Associated With Moral Distress

Emergency-Only Treatment for Undocumented Immigrants Associated With Moral Distress

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Providing emergency-only care to undocumented immigrants has been linked to increased moral distress and burnout in treating physicians.

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